Harvard University - Top 1 universities in the world

Harvard University is a university research and private, member of the Ivy League , in Cambridge, Massachusetts , United States

Yale University - Top 3 universities in the world

Yale University is a private university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 in Connecticut...

University of Cambridge - Top 2 universities in the world

University of Cambridge a university public research complexes in Cambridge , England.

Showing posts with label University-World. Show all posts
Showing posts with label University-World. Show all posts

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

McGill University - Montreal , Quebec , Canada

McGill University is a public university located in Montreal , Quebec , Canada . The school was established in 1821 under the royal charter issued by King Geogre IV . The school is named after James McGill, a Scottish businessman from Montreal, who conquered in 1813 and founded McGill College, the precursor of the school.

Location: Montreal , Quebec , Canada
Website: mcgill .ca

McGill University - Montreal , Quebec , Canada


The main campus of McGill is located in Mount Royal in downtown Montreal with the second campus is located in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue , is also located on the Island of Montreal, from the main campus 30 kilometers (18 miles) West. The University is one of only two members of the Association of North American Universities outside of the United States, and the sole representative of Canada to attend the Global Leadership Forum (GULF). The framework of the World Economic Forum , when only 26 leading universities are participating in the forum.

McGill offers degrees and degrees in more than 300 research areas, with the highest average admissions requirements compared to any other Canadian university. Most of the students enrolled in the largest department, Arts , Science , Pharmacy , Engineering , and Management, respectively .

Among the participants were trained at McGill, has 12 Nobel Laureates and 144 scholarships Rhodes Scholars , both reached the highest number compared to universities in Canada, also There were five people chosen to be astronauts, three Canadian Prime Ministers , the current Governor-General of Canada , 14 judges of the Supreme Court of Canada , four foreign leaders , 28 foreign ambassadors , 9 who won an Oscar , won 11 Grammys , three winners Pulitzer , and 28 medalists at the Olympics , counting different countries. In the history of development, alumni McGill has contributed to the founding or first organized sport of rugby USA , basketball , and ice hockey . McGill University or its alumni have also established a number of major colleges and universities, including British Columbia , Victoria and Alberta Colleges , School of Medicine & Dentistry Schulich , Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Dawson College .

History 


The Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning (RIAL) was established in 1801 under an Act of the Legislative Assembly of the Canadian House of Commons , an Act for the Establishment of Free Schools and the Advancement of Learning at this province .

In 1816 RIAL was authorized to operate two new Royal Grammar Schools, in Quebec City and in Montreal. This was a turning point for public education in Lower Canada as the schools were created by legislation, the District Public Schools Act of 1807, which showed the government's willingness to support the costs of education and even the salary of a schoolmaster. This was an important first step in the creation of nondenominational schools. When James McGill died in 1813 his bequest was administered by the RIAL.

Of the original two Royal Grammar Schools, in 1846 one closed and the other merged with the High School of Montreal . By the mid-19th century the RIAL had lost control of the other eighty-two grammar schools it had administered. However, in 1853 it took over the High School of Montreal from the School Board of Directors and continued to operate until 1870. Thereafter, its sole purpose was to administer the McGill bequest on behalf of the private college. The RIAL continues to exist today; is the corporate identity that runs the university and its various constituent bodies, including the former Macdonald College (now Macdonald Campus), theMontreal Neurological Institute , and the Royal Victoria College (formerly known as college residence). Since the revised Royal Charter of 1852, The Trustees of the RIAL comprise the Board of Governors of McGill University.

McGill College 

James McGill , born in Glasgow , Scotland on 6 October 1744, was a successful merchant in Quebec, having matriculated into the University of Glasgow in 1756.  Between 1811 and 1813, he drew up a will leaving his "Burnside estate ", a 19 hectare (47 acres) tract of rural land and 10,000 pounds to the Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning.

On McGill's death in December 1813, the Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning, established in 1801 as an Act of the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada , added the establishment of a University under the conditions of McGill's will to its original function of elementary education in Lower Canada .

As a condition of the bequest, the land and funds were to be used for the establishment of a "University or College, for the purposes of Education and the Advancement of Learning in the said Province." The will specified a private, constituent college bearing his name would have been established within 10 years of his death; otherwise the bequest would revert to the heirs of his wife.

On March 31, 1821, after protracted legal battles with the Desrivières family, McGill College received a royal charter from King George IV . The Charter provided that the College should be considered and taken as a University , with the power of conferring degrees .

University development 

Campus expansions 

The Arts Building, completed in 1843 and designed by John Ostell , is the oldest building on campus.
Though McGill College received its Royal Charter in 1821, it was inactive until 1829 when the Montreal Medical Institution, which had been founded in 1823, became the college's first academic unit and Canada's first medical school. The Faculty of Medicine granted its first degree, and the Doctorate of Medicine and Surgery, in 1833; this was also the first medical degree to be awarded in Canada.

The Faculty of Medicine remained the only faculty until 1843, when the Faculty of Arts commenced teaching in the newly constructed Arts Building and the East Wing (Dawson Hall). The university also historically has strong links with the Canadian Grenadier Guards , and the military regiment in which James McGill served as Lieutenant-Colonel. This title is marked upon the stone that stands before the Arts building, from where the Guards stepped off annually to commemorate Remembrance Day.

The Faculty of Law was founded in 1848 which is also the oldest of its kind in the nation. 48 years later, the school of architecture at McGill University was founded.

Sir John William Dawson , McGill's principal from 1855 to 1893, is often credited with transforming the school into a modern university. He recruited the aid of Montreal's wealthiest Citizens (eighty percent of Canada's wealth was then controlled by families who lived trong Golden Square Mile area có surrounded the university), many of Whom donated property and Funding needed to construct the campus buildings. Their names adorn many of the campus's prominent buildings.

William Spier designed the addition of the West Wing of the Arts Building for William Molson, 1861. Alexander Francis Dunlop designed major alterations to the East Wing of McGill College (now called the Arts Building, McGill University). Bovey and the Science Dept., 1888. This expansion of the campus continued until 1920. Buildings designed by Andrew Taylor , include the Redpath Museum (1880), the Macdonald Physics Building (1893), the Redpath Library (1893), the Macdonald Chemistry Building (1896), the Macdonald Engineering Building (1907) - known as the Macdonald-Stewart Library Building, and the Strathcona Medical Building (1907) - was renamed the Strathcona Anatomy and Dentistry Building.

In 1900, the university established the MacLennan Traveling Library. McGill University Waltz, composed by Frances C. Robinson, was published in Montréal by WH Scroggie, c. 1904.

In 1885, the university's Board of Governors formally adopted the name of "McGill University". In 1905, the university acquired a second campus when Sir William C. Macdonald , one of the university's major benefactors, endowed a college in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, 32 miles west of Montreal. Macdonald College, now known as the Macdonald Campus , opened to students in 1907, originally offering programs in agriculture, household science, and teaching.

George Allan Ross designed the Pathology Building, 1922-23; the Neurological Institute, 1933; Neurological Institute addition 1938 at McGill University. Jean Julien Perrault (architect) designed the McTavish Street residence for Charles E. Gravel, which is now called David Thompson House (1934).

Women's education

Women's education at McGill began in 1884, when Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal ), began funding separate lectures for women, given by the university staff members. The first degrees to women at McGill Granted were conferred in 1888. [40] In 1899, the Royal Victoria College (RVC) opened as a residential college for women at McGill with Hilda D. Oakeley as the head. Until the 1970s, all female undergraduate students, known as "Donaldas," were considered to be members of RVC. [41] Beginning in the autumn of 2010, the new Tower section of Royal Victoria College is a co-eddormitory, whereas the older West Wing remains strictly for women. Both the Tower and the West Wing of the Royal Victoria College form part of the university's residence system.

McGill in the Great War

This photo was taken at McGill University in Montreal in 1915 before the departure of the 2nd University Company for France. The Company reinforced the Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry on the Somme in October 1915

Stained Glass Great War Memorial entrance to the Blackader-Lauterman Library of Architecture and Art

McGill University played a significant role in the Great War. Many students and alumni enlisted in the first wave of patriotic fervor that swept the nation in 1914, after the first wave of heavy Canadian casualties at Ypres - Hamilton Gault, the founder of the Canadian regiment and a wealthy Montreal businessman, was faced with a desperate shortage of troops. Whenever he reached out to his friends at home for support, over two hundred were commissioned from the ranks, and many would serve as soldiers throughout the war. On their return to Canada after the war, Major George McDonald and Major George Currie formed the accounting firm of McDonald Currie, which later became one of the founders of Price Waterhouse Coopers . Captain Percival Molsonwas killed in action in July 1917. Percival Molson Memorial Stadium at McGill is named in his honor.

The War Memorial Hall (more commonly known as Memorial Hall) is a landmark building on the campus of McGill University. At the dedication ceremony of the Governor General of Canada ( Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis ) laid the cornerstone. Dedicated on October 6, 1946, the Memorial Hall and the Adjoining Memorial Pool honors students who had enlisted and died in the First World War , and in the Second World War . In Memorial Hall, there are two Stained Glass Regimental badge World War I and World War II Memorial by Charles William Kelsey c. 1950/1.

A war memorial window (1950) by Charles William Kelsey in the McGill War Memorial Hall depicts the figure of St. George. Michael and the badges of the Navy, Army and the Air Force. A Great War memorial window featuring Saint George and a slain dragon at the entrance to the Blackader-Lauterman Library of Architecture and Art is dedicated to the memory of the 23 members of the McGill Chapter of Delta Upsilon who gave their lives in the Great War. Six other windows (1951) by Charles William Kelsey on the west wall of the memorial hall depict the coats of arms of the regiments in which the McGill alumni were members.

There is a memorial archway at Macdonald College , two additional floors added to the existing Sir Arthur Currie Gymnasium, and a hockey rink and funding for an annual Memorial Assembly. A book of remembrance on a table marble contains the names of those who lost in both World Wars. On 11 November 2012 the McGill Remembers web site launched; the University War Records Office collected documents between 1940-1946 related to McGill students, staff and faculty in the Second World War.

Quotas on Jewish students 

Beginning in the 1920s, and continuing until the 1960s, McGill imposed a controversial quota which stated a maximum of the proportion of newly admitted students who were Jewish. Up until that point Jews were overrepresented in the university, especially in the arts (20% Jewish) and law (40% Jewish). The Jewish population across McGill is at 10%.

McGill was instrumental in founding several major universities and colleges. It established the first post-secondary institutions in British Columbia to provide degree programs to the growing cities of Vancouver and Victoria . It chartered Victoria College in 1903 as an affiliated junior college of McGill, offering first and second-year courses in arts and sciences, until it became the current University of Victoria . British Columbia's first university was incorporated in Vancouver in 1908 as the McGill University College of British Columbia . The private institution granted the degree to McGill until it became the independent University of British Columbia in 1915.

Dawson College began in 1945 as a satellite campus of McGill to absorb the anticipated influx of students after World War II . Many students in their first 3 years in the Faculty of Engineering took courses at Dawson College to relieve the McGill campus for the two years later for their degree course. Dawson eventually became independent of McGill and evolved into the first English CEGEP in Quebec . Another CEGEP, John Abbott College , was established in 1971 at the McGill's Macdonald College campus.

Both founders of the University of Alberta , Prime Minister Alexander Cameron Rutherford of Alberta and Henry Marshall Tory , were also McGill alumni. In addition, McGill alumni and professors, Sir William Osler and Howard Atwood Kelly , were among the four founders and early faculty members of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine . Osler became the first physician-in-chief of the new Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore , Maryland, in 1889. He led the creation of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1893. Other McGill alumni founded theSchulich School of Medicine & Dentistry in the 1880s.

Readmore: Top most famous university in the world

Monday, June 18, 2018

University of Edinburgh - Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

University of Edinburgh (abbreviated  Edin), founded in 1582, is the oldest university sixth in the world speaks English and is one of the university Ancient of Scotland . The university is in the city of  Edinburgh , with many old houses in the Old Town owned by the school.

Location: Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Website: www.ed.ac.uk

University of Edinburgh - Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom


Edinburgh University is ranked 19th in the world in the QS 2016-17 rankings. The University is ranked 23 in the world according to the QS Ranking 2018School is ranked as the 6th best universities in Europe according to the ranking of the best universities of the US world , and the seventh best in Europe by the Times Higher Education Rankings. Research Excellence Framework, a research ranking used by the UK government to identify future research funding, ranks Edinburgh 4th in research capacity, and rank 11th overall. The University is ranked 78th in the world by the Global University Rankings 2017. It is a member of both the Russell Group and the Federation of European Universities , a consortium of 21 research universities in Europe. The  university has the third largest property on the list of universities in the UK, after the universities of  Cambridge and  Oxford . Its annual revenue for 2016-17 is £ 905.8m, of which £ 265.3m is from research funding and contracts, at a cost of £ 847.5m.

This university played an important role in making Edinburgh a major center of knowledge in the Enlightenment , and created the nickname for the city of Athens in the North. Alma's alumni include some of the most important figures in modern history, including physicist  James Clerk Maxwell , naturalist  Charles Darwin , philosopher  David Hume , mathematician  Thomas Bayes , surgeon study  Joseph Lister , participants signed the Declaration of independence of the United States James Wilson, John Witherspoon and  Benjamin Rush , inventor  Alexander Graham Bell , Tanzania's first president Julius Nyerere , and a number of prominent writers such as  Sir Arthur Conan Doyle , Robert Louis Stevenson , JM Barrie and  Sir Walter Scott . The people involved included 23 Nobel Prize winners, 2 Turing winners , 1 Abel Prize  winner , 1 Field medalist , 2 Pulitzer Prize winners  , 3 British Prime Ministers , 2 in attendance at the Court. The UK Supreme, and some Olympic gold medalists. The College is closely associated with the  Royal Family , with  the Duke of Edinburgh He held the office of president from 1953 to 2010 and then  Princess Anne since 2011.

Edinburgh receives approximately 60,000 admissions applications each year, becoming the second most popular university in the UK according to the volume of applications. [16] After  St Andrews , this is the hardest college to receive in Scotland and is the ninth hardest in the UK overall.

History 


Established 

Established by the Edinburgh Town Council, the university began as a law college using part of the surviving legacy of a graduate  of St Andrews University , Rev. Robert Reid of St Magnus Church, Orkney . Thanks to the efforts of the City Council and the mayors of the city, the school gradually expanded and was formally established as a university, with a  Royal Charter , by King  James VI  of Scotland issued on 14 April 1582 after the recommendation of the Council. This was an unusual move at the time, since most of the universities were founded by an  orthodox . Founded under the name of "Tounis College," the college accepted students in October 1583. The teaching began under the supervision of a St Andrews graduate student, Robert Rollock . This was Scotland's fifth university in a time when England was more crowded and richer but had only two universities. The College was renamed King James College in 1617. In the 18th century, the university was a leading center of the Enlightenment in Scotland.

Universities are integrated, through alumni and academic staff, with some of the most significant scientific and theological contributions in human history, including the foundation of Bayesian statistics. Thomas Bayes ), quantum mechanics ( Max Born ), nephrology (Richard Bright), the theory of  evolution ( Charles Darwin ), the initial development of  sociology ( Adam Ferguson ), geologist  modern ( James Hutton , Joseph Lister , classical theory of  electromagnetism ( James Clerk Maxwell ), and Thermodynamics ( William John Macquorn Rankine ); detection / inventor of the  carbon dioxide  ( Joseph Black ), the latent heat (Joseph Black), heat (Joseph Black), HPV vaccine ( Ian Frazer ), mechanisms boson ( Higgs and  Tom Kibble ), arthritis vaccine hepatitis B ( Kenneth Murray ), nitrogen  ( Daniel Rutherford ), anesthetized  using chloroform ( James Young Simpson ) and  SARS ( Nanshan Zhong ); invent telephone ( Alexander Graham Bell ), hypodermic syringes ( Alexander Wood ), kaleidoscope ( David Brewster ) and cable ( Fleeming Jenkin ), thermos ( James Dewar ),  ATM ( John Shepherd-Barron ), orchid ( John Scott Haldane ), and  in vitro fertilization ( Robert Edwards ).

Alumni and other lecturers of the university include the participants signed  the Declaration of Independence United States  James Wilson, John Witherspoon and Benjamin Rush , Prime Minister  Gordon Brown , Lord Palmerston and  Lord John Russell (who last astronaut  Piers Sellers , biologist  Ian Wilmut , geologist Archibald Geikie and  William Edmond Logan , physicist  Sir David Brewster , John Robison and  Peter Guthrie TaitSir Arthur Conan Doyle , Robert Louis Stevenson , JM Barrie , Sir Walter Scott and  Alistair Moffat , economists  Kenneth E. Boulding , James Mirrlees and  John Hardman Moore , historian Sir Tom Devine , actor  Ian Charleson , composers  Kenneth Leighton , James MacMillan , and  William Wordsworth , chemists  William Henry , David Leigh , Guy Lloyd-Jones and  Alexander R. Todd., Botanist Robert Brown , anatomist  James Barry , mathematician  Colin Maclaurin , who learned versatile  Thomas Young , the philosopher  David Hume , pilot  Eric "Winkle" Brown , former  BP CEO Tony Hayward , the former director  MI5 Stella Rimington , John Dickie theorist  and  Robert Preus , Fields mathematician and president of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Sir Michael Atiyah , former home secretary and prime minister of Exchequer Sir John Anderson and  Tasmina Ahmed- Sheikh Member of Parliament of the Ochil area and South Perthshire.

Saturday, June 16, 2018

London School of Economics and Political Science - London, United Kingdom

School of Economics and Political Science London ( Abbreviated LSE ), a research facility and public education specialized in the sector of social sciences in London , and is a member school of the University of London Union . LSE was established in 1895 as an undergraduate unit of economics and began issuing degrees in 1902.

Location: London, United Kingdom
Website: lse.ac.uk

London School of Economics and Political Science - London, United Kingdom


The LSE has a unique institution in the UK - a single faculty - a department of sociology - affiliated with the University of London .

The institute is headquartered in Houghton, Westminster (Aldwych), next to the Royal Courts and the Temple Bar, London Temple Bar . LSE is known for being one of the most prestigious universities in the world. teaching and research in the areas of social sciences. In addition, the structure of students at LSE is of the highest international level in all global universities. At one point in time, there were more students in the LSE than in the United Nations .

LSE is a member of the Russell Group , Union of Universities Europe ( European University Association ), Organization universities United Kingdom ( Association of Commonwealth Universities ), community management schools in Europe and companies international ( Community of European Management schools and international Companies ), Organization of specialized schools and international issues ( the Association of Professional schools and international Affairs ), UK universities, the golden Triangle of universities UK ( Golden Triangle of British Universities), and most recently the top five UK universities

History 


The London Institute of Political Economy was founded in 1895 by members of the Fabian (Leftist and Reformed Group) with members Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Graham Wallas and George Bernard Shaw , with contributions including The property left £ 20,000 from Henry Hunt Hutchinson for Fabian. Decided to establish the school is given a party the morning of 4 month 8 1894. LSE was established to achieve the purpose of the Assembly Fabian in reforming society , focusing research on issues of poverty , the injustice and the related issues. This led to the Fabian Assembly and the LSEbecame one of the main influences on the Labor Party.

First, the school was founded to innovate teaching methods for business and political affairs in the UK . Sidney and Beatrice Webb influenced by the image of the Political Institute of Paris ( Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris ) in shaping the LSE. The school was opened in October 1895 at 9 John Street, Adelphi, with the original function of a night training institution for the working class .

The school expanded rapidly with the inauguration of the new library , the British Economic and Political Science Library, located at 10 Adelphi Terrace, September 1896. In 1900, the LSE officially became an affiliate of the University of London at Bloomsbury, began accepting bachelor and doctoral students in the same year. At the same time, the LSE expanded into other social sciences, including geography, philosophy, pioneering in international relations, as well as history, law, psychology and sociology. Prior to 1902, the LSE had and would continue to expand its site at Aldephi Terrace and moved to Clare Market, now in Aldwych, from 1902. [2], serving as the official administrative headquarters as well as classes was opened at Houghton Street in 1922.

During these years, under the direction of William Beveridge , the father of social welfare and the NHS, the LSE redefined the economy and related concepts in a standardized way. " a study of human behavior and the relationship between endings and scarcity for different uses " (a science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative use). Thus, the LSE is seen as a pioneer of modern economics. Under Beveridge, Friedrich Hayek was appointed to the school and brought the LSE to power by the famous debate with John Maynard Keynes .

In 1939, with the outbreak of World War II , the LSE headquarters in Houghton Street became the workplace for the Cabinet of the economic war. While later discussions between the school director, Carr-Saunder and Premier Winston Churchill , the LSE were agreed to a temporary relocation to Cambridge, located at Peterhouse College. The bombing of the LSE took a long time, and then returned to London in 1945.

The famous Keynes-Hayek debate between Cambridge and the LSE continues to shape today's economic thinking as countries continue to debate social welfare issues with the single-controlled economy. by the market. Hayek's research continues to affect global economic science. In addition, during these years, Harold Joseph Laski , a political science professor at the LSE, had a prominent position in British politics as a spokesman for leftist policies. Many of the heads of state, including John F. Kennedy and his brother, have studied at the LSE.

At first, the LSE was a socialist organization . However, this changed before the 1960s, when LSE director Walter Adams struggled to separate the LSE from the Fabian roots. This has led to many student demonstrations.

Anthony Giddens , former director of the LSE, is the creator of the Third Way theory (a system of theoretical political management of the state - a combination of a free market view and a view of the need for intervention. of the state) which was later used by Tony Blair and Bill Clinton.

Activity 

The LSE continues to have a tremendous influence on the international community, especially its close relations and direct influence on politics , economics and law .

Currently, the LSE is active in the project include the British government ID card, study expenses for the activities of the government , the policy community and the state. In addition, the LSE has led to a trend in tuition fees in UK universities in 2006, and continues to attract investment and high capital thanks to the G5. In 2008, the LSE was criticized for joining the Cambridge University with a list of "soft" subjects for entry into college.

Top 10 employers of LSE students are active in the areas of accounting , investment banking , consulting and law . In particular, the LSE is also known as the cradle of investment banking (investment banking's nursery), in which about 30% of LSE bachelors work in the fields of banking, financial services and accounting. LSE is also a preferred option for employers in the private sector, financial services.

Over the years, the LSE has continued to expand around Houghton Street. The "Campaign for the LSE," which had already gathered around £ 100m , LSE bought the Public Trustee at 24 Kingsway. The building was rebuilt and renamed "New Academic Building" with a total cost of £ 45 million , increasing the total area to 120,000 square feet. £ 100m invested in November 2007, the new building was put into operation in October 2008 and was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on November 5, 2008.

The current director of the LSE is Sir Howard Davies , former chairman of the Financial Service Authority, director of the Confederation of British Industry and deputy governor of the Bank of England . After his first tenure, Sir Horward Davies was re-appointed LSE manager from June 2007 until 2013.

Majors and admissions 

The London School of Economics and Politics is the only university in the UK focusing on social sciences . The University has 120 Master's degrees in Science, 2 Master's in Business Administration, 1 Master in Law, 30 in Bachelor of Science, 1 in Law and 4 in Bachelor of Arts (including International History and Geography). reason ). The London Institute of Economics is one of the only two UK universities to teach Economic History (along with Cambridge University ). Other courses include Anthropology, Criminology , International Relations , Social Psychology, and Sociology. Courses are taught on 30 research centers and 19 buildings, as well as a foreign language center.

The research sections include Asia Research Center, Manheim Center for Criminology, Darwin Center @ LSE, Financial Markets Division founded by Mervun King, Center for Economic Management, Europe, species and migration research organization (MSU).

Since these programs are included in Social Studies, they are encapsulated and students are required to study a subject outside their majors in the first and second year in order to motivate the student. have a broader understanding of the social sciences. Many students are encouraged to participate in practice sessions where students can take lectures from professors without having to register. The aim is to enable students to gain a deeper knowledge. And at this level, some faculties have very few students (90 students during the three years), ensuring moderate instruction and allowing students better access than other universities.

School entrance is quite strict, the odds for a study in the LSE are always higher than Oxford and Cambridge with an average of 17 students per grade. Some courses, such as Law, Administration, Economics and Politics, are even higher with over 20 people in one place. In 2008, the UCAS score of students entering the academy was 484, equivalent to 4 A for A-level. LSE is also one of the three busiest universities in the UK (along with Oxford and Cambridge) not on Clearing in UCAS (additional selection). The LSE , like many other UK universities, does not accept students through the interview system and only accepts students based on their academic performance. Like MIT , the LSE does not offer sports scholarship programs.

In recent years, the LSE has become one of the most critically acclaimed universities in the UK, receiving quite a lot of students from private English schools. With many references and reflections from the public, statistics released by the Council of Private Schools, organizations of all private schools in the UK, have confirmed that students from private schools have only 29.69% of the chance entered the LSE - the lowest acceptance rate of the Russell group.

Admission to postgraduate students is also very high (especially for students without scholarships). Students are required to have a First Class or 2.1 (Upper Second) or equivalent to be accepted into the masters course.

The process for accepting postgraduate students is available from the time of application in mid-October and is considered starting in November. Applications are considered and students may be accepted, rejected or accepted. conditional. The admissions process is conducted until the school needs a quota for the school year. As a result, students who file early will have more opportunities than other students. Success rates vary from year to year, although most courses receive only 5% to 10% of applications. LSE is working on a plan to increase the number of students each year by expanding the necessary equipment and buildings.

The LSE also offers a Masters in Global Business Administration ( TRIUM) degree program , which is linked to the University of New York's Graduate School of Commerce and the Paris-based HEC School of Management. The course is divided into six semesters, held in five countries over a 16-month period. Whitefield Consulting, a global consultancy and the Financial Times ranked the MBA program at # 2 in the world.

The LSE summer school program began in 1989 and was expanded to more than 3,000 students in 2006, the equivalent of a college student population. The summer course consists of 50 subjects, based on LSE courses such as Accounting, Finance, Law, International Relations and Management. The course lasts 2 terms, each 3 weeks in July and August each year. The LSE also offers LSE-PKU summer camps in cooperation with Beijing's Peking University. These courses are graded, count toward different certificates, and some courses may be counted as part of the conditional offer for the LSE master's degree. In 2007, this summer course has accepted students in over 100 countries, including some of the world's top universities and colleges as well as professionals from several national banks and institutions. Great finance. Along with the course, The college also offers accommodation in student dormitories, and summer courses include a social activity program such as guest lectures, reception and crush club nights at the school. Professors of the course are hoping to expand in the future especially when the new campus opens in November 2008.

School year 

One academic year is divided into 3 semesters. Term I - called " Michaelmas Term " - covers 10 weeks from October to 2 weeks before Christmas. Semester II - Lent Term - consists of 10 weeks from January through to Easter. Term III - Summer Term - consists of 10 weeks from April to summer. At the Michaelmas Term, the school usually starts on the fifth day of the end of September or beginning of October. However, during the first week - Freshers Week - the activities are primarily to help students get acquainted with the school. Learning activities are officially started on the second day after Freshers Week .

Student 

LSE has about 8000 students (undergraduate and graduate) and 800 part-time students. Of these, about 25% are from the UK, 18% come from European countries, and the remaining 50% come from around 150 countries around the world. Of these 58% of students graduate (Master, MPA, LLM, PhD, MPhil). Male: female 51:49.

Student Association 

The Student Union (LSESU) is a member of the National Union of Students (NUS). LSESU is considered one of the most active student societies Anglo countries have a reputation from the 1960s when students conduct school violence and occupation to express protest the Vietnam War [3] or against racial discrimination [4] . Most recently, in January 2009, some students have occupied the Old Theater hall for a week to protest Israeli action in the Gaza Strip.

LSESU is responsible for the organization of student activities, as well as for the interests of students. (RAG- Raising And Giving: donations for charitable activities) Freshers' Week, Global Week ...

LSESU has its own newspaper - The Beaver , a radio station - Lse, a television station L oo SE Television, and a magazine Clare Market Review . In addition, departments of the school have their own newspapers, such as the Rerum causae of the Faculty of Philosophy or the Rationale of the Faculty of Economics.

The LSE Athletics Union, LSEAU is responsible for the school's athletic activities. Facilities include a football field, a sports (basketball, martial arts ...), a gym

Under the management of LSESU, there are over 170 societies / groups involved in all areas, from Business Society, Knitting Society, Lager and Real Ale Society ... to LSEConservatives or LSE Socialist Union .... , the students here have formed their own association representing the country, the Swedish Society, the Viet Nam Society (VietSoc) or the Japanese Society ...

LSESU is the only place in the UK to hold weekly debate and weekly (1pm every Thursday). On January 15, 2009, LSESU met and voted 219/154 against the action. of Israel in Gaza. [5]

Activity 

The LSE moved to the present area, Clare Market and Houghton Street, in 1902. In 1920, King George V placed the first stone to build Old Buiding, one of the central buildings of the school. Since then, the LSE has expanded its campus into neighborhoods (from Kingsway to the Royal Court of Justice). Currently, the LSE has 30 buildings. There are also statues of animals or strange shapes presented by former students.

The school underwent a major renovation under Principal Anthony Giddens (1996-2003). Conwy and Clement House in Aldwych; Garrick Building at Houghton street; the Student Services Center in the Old Building as well as the Lionel Robbins Building have been refurbished and upgraded.


Campus

Recently, the LSE has developed another building. Cut in ribbon on November 5, 2008 by the British couple. This environmentally friendly building has 4 lecture halls, classrooms and is the new home of the Faculty of Law and Administration.

The Peacock Theater is the main hall of the LSE with 999 seats. This is also the sixth theater of Sadler's Wells.

The LSE is renowned for its weekly public lectures by school alumni as well as celebrities in academics, economics, and politics. Recent shows include British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, former US President Bill Clinton, former apartheid anti-apartheid hero Nelson Mandela UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, former British prime ministers Tony Blair, John Major or Margaret Thatcher, former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, US Federal Reserve Ben Bernanke and Alan Greenspan, Mexican President Vicente Fox. There are also George Osborne MP, Lord Stern, Cherie Booth, George Soros, Mary McAleese, Archbishop Rowan Williams, John Lewis Gaddis, Joseph Meegan, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Jens Lehmann, Milton Friedman, Jeffrey Sachs. In addition, the LSE hosts concerts and performances (We Are Scientists, Dr. Karl Kennedy and Tim Westwood).

Activity 

The campus has student dormitories scattered throughout central London. These dormitories can provide accommodation for about 3400 students. This dormitory includes:

  • Grosvenor House Dormitory
  • Anson Road
  • Bankside House
  • Butlers Wharf
  • Carr-Saunders Hall
  • Grosvenor House
  • High Holborn
  • Lilian Knowles
  • Northumberland House
  • Passfield Hall
  • Rosebery Hall
  • Sidney Webb House


In addition, students of the LSE may enroll in one of the eight dormitories of the University of London - which is one of the 19 members of the LSE), including:


  • College Hall
  • Connaught Hall
  • International Hall
  • Lillian Penson Hall
  • Nutford House
  • Garden Halls
  • Canterbury Hall
  • Commonwealth Hall
  • Hughes-Parry Hall


LSE guarantees one seat in the dormitory for all first year students, however only about 1,200 first year students are in the dorm, and the rest usually rent out.

Library and archives

The university's central library - established in 1896 - is the British Library of Political and Economic Sciences ( BLPES ). This is the world's largest library of sociology and political science. The library was named Lionel Robbins Building - after the famous economist Lionel Robbins- who was educated at the LSE and later became a member of the School Board. The archives here are of great importance and have been awarded the "Status" by the Museums Libraries and Archives Council (MLAC). The Lionel Robbins Building was upgraded and repaired in 2000 with a project worth £ 35 million. Conducted by Foster and Partners. The repair was completed and was inaugurated by Princess Anne on November 27, 2001. With a book system of more than 50 kilometers in length, it contains more than 4.5 million books and 30,000 printers as well as 15,000 electronic newspapers. The library covers an area of ​​20 000 m2, including 1700 self-study and 450 computers. The library welcomes approximately 6500 students and teachers every day,

Thumbs up library

Since 1946, the library has also been a United Nations depository library, providing publications for the United Nations. Since 1964, the library has become a European Documentation Center - a place to receive publications in European countries. Documents / materials from other organizations are also available here, for example: OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), ILO (International Labor Organization), Organization of American States (OAS), GATT / WTO (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade / World Trade Organization)

The SHAW Library, located in the Old Building, is home to mass media and entertainment. In addition, Fabian Window, the founder of the Fabian movement, was inaugurated by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2006, also in the SHAW library. In addition, students at the school may also use the library system of affiliate schools located within the University of London system (for example, Senate House Library ....).

Reputation education 

According to the latest statistics of the Research Assessment Project (RAE 2008) sponsored by the UK government LSE is also ranked as Oxford based on 14 evaluation criteria. The program also ranked LSE as the leading university in the fields of Anthropology, Economics, Law , Social Policy and European Studies. The Independent Journal also made the LSE the first place in statistics and research, based on 35% of the school's success in top projects, while Oxford and Cambridge achieved 32% (Independent, 18 months). December 2008). Over 68% of the LSE's research is in the 4-star (world) and 3-star (international) categories of which the Faculty of Economics is one of the most popular in the UK.

Two of the top three rankings of the University of the Times and the Sunday Times have ranked LSE as the second highest in the industry after Cambridge. Other rankings also rank LSE in top positions like The Independent or The Guardian . In addition, the LSE has submitted 97% of the subjects of staff members, more than any other university. The LSE is also ranked first among universities in London.

In 2007, in the rankings of global universities in sociology , the LSE ranked third in the world after Harvard and Berkeley in social science (3rd, 2006, second in 2005 and 2004). "The school's social, economic and political studies are not limited to the UK and European countries , but also to other countries on every continent. Determined to become a laboratory for social science where every idea is formulated, analyzed, evaluated and developed globally. It is these things that make up the name and reputation of the most globally for LSE .... " (QS Top Universities)

In 2007, the School's Master of Management degree was ranked 2nd in the world in the ranking of European Times (8th in 2006 and 4th in 2005). Not only that, the Department of Psychology, and Philosophy are all under the table of Blackwell Psychology. It is ranked first in the world in the philosophy of social sciences and second in science philosophy and third in the 'Choice of reason, decision and game theory' category.

In 2009, in The Guide to good universities' (Times Good University Guide), the school was ranked first in the UK on the following key: Finance and Accounting (Accounting & Finance), Trade Research (Business Studies ), Economics (Economics) and social policy (social policy), No. 2 for Geography (Geography), Anthropology (Anthropology) and Political Science (Politics), 4th in History study ( History) and Philosophy (Philosophy), ranked No. 5 of Law (Law), 7th in Sociology (Sociology) and the faculty of Mathematics (Maths), ranked No. 8.

The LSE ranked third in the overall ranking of the Sunday Times in the 10 years from 1997 to 2007.

Contributions to the history of economics 

LSE and Cambridge 

In the 1930s, the debate between the LSE and the University of Cambridge was well known in the intellectual world. This disagreement stems from Edwin Cannan (1861-1935), professor of economics at the LSE, and Alfred Marshall (1842-1924), professor of political economics at Cambridge and also the first economist At that time, the debate on the fundamental issue of economics and whether economics should be considered as an organic whole (Marshall removes the LSE conception of the separation of doctrine and economic history .

The debate also involves the role of an economist, whether he should be considered as an expert or as a practical adviser. With the LSE and the economists of history, the application of economic theories is more decisive than them. [Neutrality disputed] Economists at LSE and Cambridge worked together on In the 1920s, the "London and Cambridge Economic Service" - but in the 1930s the debate between the two universities continues to take place before the solution to the economic crisis . Professors Robbins and Hayek of LSE, and Keynesof Cambridge are the main characters in the dissent between the two schools. Debate has expanded from deflation along with demand-side management - as a solution to the economic problems of the day, to broader concepts of economics and macroeconomics . Views of Robbins and Hayek is based on the opinion of the Institute of Economics Austria the emphasis on free trade and anti-interventionist, this is a method that Robbins would later approach and came to the is not suitable for the economic crisis of the 1930s.

LSE and Chicago 

Keynes and Cambridge 's policies and economics have become standard models since the 1930s. Despite the growing influence of Milton Friedman and the Chicago Institute of Economics, it has been said that many The democratic way of the LSE still affects the majority of the modern democratic economy . The reason was due to the general influence of Friedrich Hayek to both schools (after leaving the LSE he moved to the Chicago Institute of Economics). The validation of Hayek's argument lies in the growth of international free trade organizations and agreements, such as the ones that have passed the GATT . Tariffsand Trade, which later became the WTO , the World Trade Organization . The LSE's economic influence is the first model of the Academy of Economics in the world. A number of specific and important contributions to our concepts of economics can be found below, with individuals who have taught, studied and studied in the LSE and their studies. Most of these economists have been awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for a number of theoretical or applied research, listed below as the most influential constructs for thinking and modeling business. Modern :

1. John Hicks , whose most famous contribution was the development of the Hicks-Hansen IS-LM model, the standard starting point for Keynesian macroeconomics for all economists today.

2. Friedrich Hayek , who was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics, one of the most prominent proponents of democratic economicism. His economic-philosophical theory has helped shape many of the policies and policies of the United Kingdom and the United States , affecting both Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan . The application of his philosophical thinking led to important economic achievements such as the reduction of the influence from labor union organizations to the economy (which Bean and Crafts believed to be the main cause of the economic slump during the previous 25 years, the time that European countrieshave impressive economic growth). He has also made a significant impact on the market economy behind Iron Curtain, which has crushed the socialist model of Eastern Europe.

3. James Meade was awarded for contributions to his fundamental theory of trade .

4. William Arthur Lewis , who developed the theory of the duality of the economy (Dual Model), demonstrate the development of the majority of the theoretical economics of the process of industrialization , and create platforms for Heywood's "revisionist" view of industrialization in France in relation to England. Lewis was also a pioneer in the study of the importance of the trade in terms of trade in trade theories.

5. Merton Miller , who was awarded the 1990 Nobel Prize in economics for his pioneering work in the field of economic theory.

6. Ronald Coase , was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Economics for his discovery and clarification of the importance of transaction costs and property rights in organizational structures and the functioning of the economy.

7. Amartya Sen , who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize for Economics for his contributions to the economics of development, including pioneering research into gender inequality, and his use of "her" instead of "his" in the English text when referring to an individual. Sen left the LSE for Oxford. He was not allowed to teach his main research topic on "poverty" in the Faculty of Economics.

8. Robert Mundell , also awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in economics for optimum currency area research, and these studies still play a very important role in the analysis and review process. the effectiveness of the common currency. While the political criteria (as Britain used to decide not to use the euro) carry little in common with Mundell's OCA criteria, Use the OCA criteria as the primary tool for analyzing the performance of the common currency.

Mundell-Fleming model extends from IS-LM theory, which takes into account the effects of equilibrium from places outside a country, and is also the basis for analyzing the benefits of two floating and fixed exchange rates.

10. George Akerlof , who was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics, is probably best known for his article, "The Market for Old Cars: Quality Uncertainty and Market Mechanism ", published in the Economic Journal (quarterly) in 1970, identifies serious problems that could harm the market as asymmetric information.

11. There is also an economist from LSE AW Phillips , who has never received a Nobel Prize for his work, but is extremely famous for his contribution to the Phillips curve (he introduced the first time 1958). The Phillips curve has proven to be unemployment and inflation as a major tool in shaping the right economic path. In addition to the great academic contributions, other studies and the quality of the LSE's output continue to have significant effects on economics.

• In January 2006, the IDEAS Economic Research Assessment ranked the London Institute of Economics and Politics the LSE third among universities with the best economics faculty in the world, outside the United States .

• In 1999, the University of Yale has analyzed the influence of the study of Econometrics (Econometrics) and the work of 100 graduates economic Ph.D, from across the world, and ranks LSE is at the top of the list and says it is the only institution with more than 2,000 pages of research published by graduate students.

• The UK Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) assessed the Economics Department of the LSE as 5 * (highest score) in the two most recent tests (1996 and 2001). Many other non-governmental rankings generally rank LSE's economics / research departments as the top 20 in the world, and most have topped positions outside the United States . Elsewhere, the LSE is ranked in the top 12 in the world for the best research quality.

Typical individuals 

Former student 

Many alumni and staff who have studied and worked at the LSE have made great contributions to various fields from politics, business, law, finance to literature, music, education. There are 16 Nobel Laureates in Economics, Peace and Literature. Most recently, in 2008, the list was added to an economic prize for Paul Krugman.

Who was awarded the Nobel Prize 

1925 George Bernard Shaw - Literature
1950 Ralph Bunche - Peace
1950 Bertrand Russell - Literature
1959 Philip Noel-Baker - Peace
1972 Sir John Hicks - Economics
1974 Friedrich Hayek - Economics
1977 James Meade - Economics
1979 Sir William Arthur Lewis - Economics
1987 Óscar Arias - Peace
1990 Merton Miller - Economics
1991 Ronald Coase - Economics
1998 Amartya Sen - Economics
1999 Robert Mundell - Economics
2001 George Akerlof - Economics
2007 Leonid Hurwicz - Economics
2008 Paul Krugman - Economy

Heads of State 

There are 44 LSE alumni who are Heads of State and Government, including eight in attendance: Prime Minister Taro Aso of Japan, President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, President Anote Tong of Kiribati, Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev of Bulgaria, President of Costa Rica's Óscar Arias , Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and President John Atta-Mills of Ghana, Thai-American President of Taiwan .

Other former heads of state / government include Romano Prodi of Italy, Marek Belka (Poland's Prime Minister, 2004-2005), two former Prime Ministers of Canada, Pierre Trudeau and Kim Campbell , Sher Bahadur Deuba (Prime Minister of Nepal, 1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004-2005), Heinrich Brüning (German Chancellor, 1930-1932), Sri KR Narayanan (President of India, 1997-2002), Percival Patterson (Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1992-2006), Constantine Simitis (Prime Minister of Greece, 1996-2004), Moshe Sharett, President of Israel, Lee Kuan Yew- founder of the island of Singapore and Jomo Kenyatta - father of the country of Kenya have all studied at the LSE .

Additionally, John F. Kennedy , the late US President (1961-1963) had studied at the LSE with two of his brothers was Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr . and Robert F. Kennedy . Attaine ( Clement Richard Attlee ), British Prime Minister taught at this time (1945-1951).

Harmodio Arias (1886-1962) - President of Panama, 1932-1936
Óscar Arias (1941) - President of Costa Rica, 1986-1990, 2006-nay and Nobel Prize winner
Lord Clement Attlee (1883-1967) - Prime Minister of United Kingdom, 1945-1951
Errol Walton Barrow (1920-1987) - Prime Minister of Barbados, 1962-1966, 1966-1976, 1986-1987
Marek Belka (b. 1952) - Prime Minister of Poland, 2004-2005
Pedro Gerardo Beltran Espanto (1897-1979) - Prime Minister of Peru, 1959-1961
Maurice Bishop (1944-1983) - Prime Minister of Grenada (1979-1983)
Heinrich Brüning (1885-1970) - Chancellor of Germany, 1930-1932
Forbes Burnham - (1923-1985) - President of Guyana
Kim Campbell (b. 1947) - Prime Minister of Canada, June-November 1993
Eugenia Charles (1919-2005) - Prime Minister of Dominica, 1980-1995
John Compton (1926) - Prime Minister of Saint Lucia, 1964-1979, and Prime Minister of St. Lucia, February-July 1979 & 1982-1996
Sher Bahadur Deuba (1943) - Prime Minister of Nepal, 1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004-2005
Tuanku Jaafar (1922) - Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia, 1994-1999
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) - President of the United States 1961-1963
Jomo Kenyatta (1891-1978) - First President of Kenya, 1964-1978
Mwai Kibaki (b. 1931) - President of Kenya, 2002-present
Tanin Kraivixien (b. 1927) - Prime Minister of Thailand, 1976-1977
Yu Kuo-Hwa (1914-2000) - Premier of Taiwan, 1984-1989
Hilla Limann (1934-1998) - President of Ghana, 1979-1981
Alfonso López Pumarejo (1886-1959) - President of Colombia, 1934-1938, 1942-1945
Michael Manley (1924-1997) - Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1972-1980, 1989-1992
Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (1920-2004) - Prime Minister of Fiji 1970-1992, President of Fiji 1994-2000
Queen Margrethe II (b. 1940) - Queen of Denmark, 1972-present
Beatriz Merino (b, 1947) - First female Prime Minister of Peru, 2003-2003
Sri KR Narayanan (1921-2005) - President of India, 1997-2002
Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) - First President of Ghana, 1960-1966
Sylvanus Olympio (1902-1963) - Prime Minister of Togo, 1958-1961, and first President of Togo, 1961-1963
Percival Patterson (b. 1935) - Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1992-2006
Romano Prodi (b. 1939) - Prime Minister of Italy, 1996-1998, 2006-present and President of the European Commission, 1999-2004
Navinchandra Ramgoolam (b. 1947) - Prime Minister of Mauritius, 1995-2000
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (1900-1985) - Prime Minister of Mauritius (1961-1982)
Veerasamy Ringadoo (1920-2000) - First President of Mauritius, March-June 1992
Moshe Sharett (1894-1965) - Prime Minister of Israel, 1953-1955
Constantine Simitis (b. 1936) - Prime Minister of Greece, 1996-2004
Sergey Stanishev (1966) - Prime Minister of Bulgaria, 2005-present
Edward Szczepanik (1915-2005) - Prime Minister of the Polish government in exile, 1986 - 1990
Banja Tejan-Sie, (1917-2000) - Governor-General and leader of the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party in Sierra Leone
Anote Tong (1952) - President of Kiribati, 2003-present
Pierre Trudeau (1919-2000) - Prime Minister of Canada, 1968-1979, 1980-1984
Lee Kuan Yew (b. 1923) - Prime Minister of Singapore, 1959-1990

Government Cabinet 

The nine members of Parliament, including Ed Miliband and Yvette Cooper, two members of the contemporary cabinet, are all alumni of the LSE. Former Cabinet Secretary Ruth Kelly and 45 members of the Senate have also studied at the LSE, including Lord Stern, who is currently chairing IG Patel. Some members of the British Parliament who have been trained by the LSE also include Margaret Hodge, Edwina Currie, Baronness Virginia Bottomley and Frank Dobson.

Five members of US President Barack Obama's administration - Treasurer Peter Orszag , Pete Rouse, Mona Sutphen (Senior Advisor), Paul Volcker (Chief of Advisory Board for Economic Recovery) and Jason Furman graduated from the LSE, and Larry Summers (White House National Economic Adviser) has taught at the school. Except for Harvard University , the LSE is currently the most alumni university in the current US government.

Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jie Chi also graduated from the LSE. Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway and Finland, and Defense Minister of Indonesia, Juwono Soedarsono were former students at the LSE.

Finance and Business 

Still called the cradle of the genius of the London Financial Center, the LSE has trained many entrepreneurs and financiers over the past few years. Bank of England governor Mervyn King , and other bachelors from the LSE ( Andrew Sentance , Tim Besley , Charles Bean , Rachel Lomax and David Blanchflower ) are now members of the Monetary Policy Committee , making the decision. on interest rates and curbing inflation .

Some billionaires like David Rockefeller ( Chase Manhattan Bank ); Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou , the founder of the easygroup, Lord Saatchi, George Soros, Robert Kaplan , Michael S. Jeffries, Sir Gordon Brunton and Richard Nesbitt all studied at the LSE. Nick Varney, CEO of Merlin Entertainments, the second largest entertainment company in the world, and Clara Furse, current Managing Director of the London Stock Exchange are also two alumni of the school. Central Bank Governor Nugget Coombs Australia and Syed Ali Raza, chairman of Pakistan Bank and international banker, politician David Rockefeller (whose family founded the post-war financial support Rockefeller Foundation) has also graduated from the LSE.

Arts and Media 

Sir Mick Jagger , the leader of The Rolling Stones , has also been studying at the LSE but left unsuccessful because he wanted to pursue his own music. Sir David Attenborough, a naturalist, was nominated for Oscar winner Frederick M. Zollo, actress Jaime Murray who also studied at the LSE . Other alumni include Edward R. Pressman, famed historians David Starkey , Jules O'Riordan, Loyd Grossman, Robert Kilroy-Silk, Kirsty Lang, Barbara Serra, Martin Lewis, Robert Elms, Rod Liddle, Val Venis, Josh Chetwynd, Keith Murdoch , Washington resident BBC Justin Webb, James Floyd and Mark Urban . Monica Lewinskyalso graduated from the LSE in 2006, and a former contestant of the Big Brother series Michael Cheshire and Icelandic singer / actress Felicia Jensen are also currently studying there. Writer China Miéville graduated with a Ph.D. from the LSE.

Law and court 

Cherie Booth QC, wife of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair , holds a LLB in Law. Sir Charles Webster, the founder of the United Nations , graduated from the LSE. And the following are also alumni of the school: Ian Johnston, Head of British Traffic Police, Dr. BR Ambedkar, Chief Architect of the Institute of Indian Studies, Makhdoom Ali Khan, lawyer of Lincoln's Inn and Former President of the Pakistan Bar Association, Anthony Kennedy, of the US Supreme Court, and ultimately of the presidents and judges of the International Court of Manfred Lachs and Sir Christopher Greenwood .

Philosophy-science 

The Faculty of Philosophy was founded by Karl Popper and became a place of teaching and learning of many famous philosopher-scientists like Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos . Nancy Cartwright, one of the most prominent philosopher-scientists, is currently a professor at the LSE. Two of the world's 100 richest billionaires, George Soros and Spiro Latsis , have studied philosophy under the tutelage of Karl Popper and Imre Lakatos (in order).

Fiction

Fictional character Prime Minister and Foreign Minister James Hacker has studied economics at the LSE in the popular TV series Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister. US President Jed character Bartlett in the famous TV series The West Wing of Castle NBC has also studied at the LSE economy. In addition, the recent autobiography of the James Bond novel in Casino Royale (2006) shows that James Bond's father, Andrew Bond, also studied at the LSE. Bokonon or Lionel Boyd Johnson, a religious leader in Cat's Cradle directed by Kurt Vonnegut, is also a LSE alumnus, but his studies were interrupted by World War I.

Principals 

• Sir Howard Davies 2003-present
• Professor Lord Anthony Giddens 1997-2003
• Sir John Ashworth 1990-96
• G. Patel 1984-90
• Professor Ralf Dahrendorf 1974-84
• Sir Walter Adams 1967-74
• Sir Sydney Caine 1957-1967
• Sir Carr-Saunders 1937-57
• Sir William (later Lord) Beveridge 1919-37
• William Pember Reeves 1908-19
• Sir Halford Mackinder 1903-08
• William Hewins 1895-1903.

Lobby group 

According to recent reports, the LSE is rated as a member of the independent university group, known as the G5. The five schools include LSE, Imperial College London , University of Oxford , University of Cambridge and University of London. University College London (abbreviated as UCL). The "G5" group held regular meetings to formally discuss their paths as the UK's education and training environment has changed, particularly in their concerns. Maintaining the quality of teaching after high school / college.

These universities also stressed that without adequate funding to support the quality of instruction, they would reduce the number of under-graduated students admitted to the school, instead of international students and researchers. (usually these students pay a large or almost full tuition fee). Group G5 also had unannounced meetings for months. The purpose of the group is to ensure that there is a balance of standard tuition fees (£ 3000 per student per academic year, starting in 2006), to support native and European students .

"We do not offer cheap courses," said Richard Sykes, president of Imperial College. "We will help the government recognize this point to end the maximum tuition fee. If they do not agree and emphasize the quality of the course at school is too high, resulting in unnecessary costs, we will maintain the quality of teaching. International students and fellows. " The most striking features of the five schools are: high quality research results, good teaching quality, the tradition of excellent and well-known individuals, and a great deal of influence on issues. politics, and foothold in the academic field. In addition, there are also highly developed student organizations,

LSE is also a member of the Golden Triangle, which includes Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial, LSE, UCL, and King's College (KCL). LSE, UCL and KCL schools are prominent institutions of the University of London and the Imperial College of London left in 2007. At present, own certificates.

Management system 

As a member of the University of London, the LSE has an honorary principal - Princess Anne Anne, the principal representative for the University of London. Unlike other schools and educational institutions in the UK, honorary principals do not participate in LSE management. The LSE has a Director, who is primarily responsible for administering the College, the Board of Trustees and the Court of Governors. The Director and Assistant Director is nominated from the Council and officially recognized by the Court of Governors.

The head of the current management is Peter Sutherland from Ireland who served as General Manager of the World Trade Organization, who replaced Lord Grabiner in December 2007. Under Peter Sutherland is Mr. Anthony Battishill (Vice President), in addition to other prominent individuals such as Cherie Booth, Stelios Haji-loannou and Lord Saatchi.

Certificate 

The London Institute of Economics and Politics offers a wide variety of degrees from the Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD degrees. These certificates are popular and recognized in UK universities. LSE does not award annual honorary degrees as some other universities. In its 113-year history, the LSE has only 15 Honors for Ph.D., one of which belongs to Nelson Mandela (Doctor of Science, Economics). From 1902, when he joined the University of London, the certificates were issued by the organization until 2007. The degree is accredited by the University of London (BSc London). In 2007, schools were allowed to issue their own certificates, and the LSE first recognized its own certificate in June 2008. Graduates from 2008 will be awarded either the University of London or the LSE. At the present time, the principal, Howard Davies, has announced that the LSE, along with UCL and KCL, will continue to be part of the University of London. In addition, the school will use graduation uniforms and degrees. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students. The school will use a graduation uniform and a separate degree. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students. The school will use a graduation uniform and a separate degree. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students.

Icon 

The school symbol is LSEon a red square background. The full and official logo is often accompanied by the black text "The London School of Economics and Political Science" on the right side of the picture. The symbol is widely used along with the coat of arms of historical significance. The symbolic image of the LSE was designed in 1925, when the council of 12 members decided to take the image of a mascot as a symbol of the school's activities. The image of "The Beaver" is chosen to symbolize broad vision, improvement, consistency and progress. In 1925, woodcarvings were introduced by 4 professors formally named "Felix Q". Since then, beaver has become a favorite of all students at the LSE and was named to the student newspaper.

Position 

The City of Westminster's LSE is located between Covent Garden, Aldwych and Temple Bar, within the City of London. The school is next to the Royal Courts of Justice, Lincoln's Inn and Kingsway (formerly Clare Market). The LSE is also located in the central London Congestion Charging zone. The nearest metro stations are Holborn, Temple and Covent Garden. London Waterloo, another major train station, is located about 0.7 miles across the campus, across the Thames.

LSE on the media 

The new James Bond novel in the movie Casino Royale (2006) reveals that James Bond's father, Andrew Bond, also studied at the LSE. Bokonon or Lionel Boyd Johnson, a religious leader in Cat's Cradle directed by Kurt Vonnegut, is also a LSE alumnus, but his studies were interrupted by World War I. Also, on the TV show In the United States, "The West Wing," Martin Sheen, as President Josiah Edward "Jed" Bartlet, studied for Master and Doctorate in Economics at the LSE. The prime minister of the British comedy series "Yes Minister" and "Yes prime minister", is also a former LSE student. The BBC's "Spooks" drama, airing on November 17,

University of Tokyo - Bunkyo , Tokyo , Japan

Institute of the University of Tokyo and the University of Tokyo ( 東京大学 (Tokyo University) Tōkyō Daigaku ? ) , Abbreviated Tōdai (東大East University ) is one of the university researchers in Japan . The University of Tōkyō has 10 faculty with a total of 30,000 students, including 2100 foreign students, on five campuses in Hongo , Komaba , Kashiwa , Shirokane and Nakano .

Location: Bunkyo , Tokyo , Japan
Website: www.u-tokyo.ac.jp

University of Tokyo - Bunkyo , Tokyo , Japan

History 


The school was established by the Meiji government in 1877 with the current name by merging the old Chinese government schools. It was renamed Imperial University (帝國 大學Teikoku daigaku ) in 1886 , and later the Imperial University of Tokyo (東京 帝國 大學Tōkyō teikoku daigaku ) in 1887 when the imperial university system was formed.

In 1947 , after the Japanese defeat in World War II , the school regained its original name. With the start of the new university system in 1949 , Todai merged the school that was formerly the Middle School (now Komaba University) and the former Tokyo High School, which is responsible for teaching. taught the first and second year undergraduate students, while the departments of the main Hongo campus are responsible for the third and fourth year students. Since 2004, the University of Tokyo has been incorporated into the National Federation of Colleges according to the law applicable to the national universities. The University is currently under the management of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan .

Academic 


General information 

In academic subjects taught at the school, perhaps the school is best known for its science and technology faculties . In addition, the school is home to many famous Japanese politicians, but the power of the school is declining. For example, the percentage of alumni in the premiership school is 2/3, 1/2, 1/4, 1/5 and 1/6 in the 1950s , 1960s , 1980s, The University of Tokyo is considered one of the most prestigious schools, with the other six rivals in the group of 7 universities , the Imperial University before World War II, especially Kyoto University . In the field of science, Kyoto University produces many winnersNobel prize .

Departments and Graduate Schools 

Departments 


  • Yasuda Auditorium on the University of Tokyo's Hongo Campus
  • The law
  • Medical
  • Technology
  • Literary
  • Science
  • Agriculture
  • Economy
  • Arts and Sciences
  • Education
  • Pharmacy


Graduate schools 


  • Humanities and sociology
  • Education
  • Law and politics
  • Economy
  • Arts and Sciences
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Agriculture and Life Sciences
  • Medical
  • Pharmacy
  • Math
  • Defense Science
  • Information Technology
  • Interdisciplinary Information Studies (?)
  • Public policy


Research institutes 


  • Institute of Medicine
  • Earthquake Research Institute
  • Oriental Culture Institute
  • Institute of Social Sciences
  • Institute of Socio-Information and Communication Studies
  • Institute of Industrial Sciences
  • Historical Institute
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology. (Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences)
  • Institute of cosmic ray research
  • Institute for Solid State Physics
  • Marine Research Institute

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, Michigan , United States

University of Michigan (abbreviation: UM, UM, U of M, UMich or even  Michigan) is a university  -public  located in  Ann Arbor  State Michigan , United States . The oldest school in the state, the University of Michigan was established in 1817 in the city of  Detroit  as the original name of the University of Michigan , 20 years before Michigan  became an official state. By 1821, the school changed its name to the current one. In 1837, the school moved to Ann Arboron a 16 hectare campus. Starting from here, the University of Michigan began to expand and expand to 584 buildings spanning 3.2 square miles, including three in Detroit , Flint and Dearborn

Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan , United States
Website: www.umich.edu

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, Michigan , United States

Friday, June 15, 2018

Duke University - Durham, North Carolina, USA

Duke University / d ju k / a university study at private Durham , North Carolina . The university was officially named Duke University in 1924, but has been in operation since 1838. Beginning in the 1970s, the Duke board began a long-term project to strengthen Duke's reputation. inside and outside the United States . The school strives to work collaboratively with the faculties, and the school also includes professors and students of ethnic minorities

Location: Durham, North Carolina, USA
Website: www.duke.edu

Duke University - Durham, North Carolina, USA

Campus 


In addition to classrooms, research, and sports, Duke is also famous for its large campus and Gothic architecture , especially the Duke Chapel. The forest is located around the university's hidden campus sections near Durham center. Duke's 35 square kilometers (8709 acres ) includes three principal locations in Durham as well as a marine laboratory in Beaufort, North Carolina . The buildings were repaired to the George School (of the first year students) and the Gothic Western School, as well as the Medical Centernext year for 5 years. Additional work is being done at all three campuses, including renovations to the Central School. This work will complete 20 to 50 years into the future, but the first phase will be completed in the fall of 2008 with an estimated cost of $ 240 million .

Popularity and ratings 


University Rankings 

Duke University ranked in the top 10 in the following college rankings: US News & World Report (# 8), USA Today (# 3), [21] Kiplinger (# 4), The Wall Street Journal (7th overall / output 4 students), the Washington Post (Grade 7), Princeton Review (college dream 5th) and Business Insider (Grade 7). In the past 20 years, US News & World Report has ranked highest Duke is the lowest grade 3 and grade 10. In 2014, Duke ranked first in the US in the field of economic and psychology, and the 10th overall in the field of computer science and engineering. 2016, The Washington Post ranked Duke 7th overall based on cumulative average ratings from US News & World Report , Washington Monthly , the Wall Street Journal / Times Higher Education , the Times Higher Education (Global), Money and Forbes .

Duke University is one of the most prestigious and prestigious universities in the US and around the world. Blue Devils is one of the largest sports programs in the country.

Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, Maryland , United States

Institute of Johns Hopkins University known as Johns Hopkins University is a university research private schools in Baltimore , state of Maryland , USA. Johns Hopkins has facilities in Maryland , Washington, DC , Italy , China, and Singapore.

Adress: Baltimore, Maryland , United States
Website: jhu.edu

Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, Maryland , United States


Johns Hopkins was founded on January 22, 1876 and named for its benefactor, the Johns Hopkins benefactors. Johns Hopkins. Daniel Coit Gilman as first president on February 22, 1876 .

Johns Hopkins pioneered the concept of modern research universities in the United States and has been ranked among the top universities and colleges of the world so throughout its history. The National Science Foundation (NSF) has ranked Johns Hopkins # one of the US universities and colleges in total science, health and technology spending on research and development for 31 consecutive years . In 2011, thirty-six who won the Nobel Prize has relationships with Johns Hopkins , and studies of the university is one of the sources quoted the leading

University of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Institute of the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pennsylvania ( called Penn or UPenn ) is the University of private schools in the city of Philadelphia , in the state of Pennsylvania , USA . Penn is a member of the Ivy League with strength in fundamental sciences , anthropology , law , medicine , education , engineering and business .

Website: www.upenn.edu
Adress: Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania , United States


University of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States


Nine signers of the American Declaration of Independence and eleven signatories to the US Constitution are affiliated with the university. Benjamin Franklin , founder of Penn, favors an educational program that focuses more on practical education for business and management, as well as the theology and theology. Penn was one of the first institutions to follow a multidisciplinary model developed by European universities , centered on many faculty under the same university.

Columbia University - New York , USA

Institute of Columbia University ( English : Columbia University ) is a university research and private area Morningside Heights District Manhattan , New York , USA . Columbia is a member of the Ivy League . Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the nine colleges founded prior to the American Revolution . The College was founded in 1754 as King's CollegeUnder the royal charter of King George II of the United Kingdom , and one of the only three universities in the United States established under this privilege.

Website: www.columbia.edu

Columbia University - New York , USA


Columbia annually administers the American Literature Prize , the Pulitzer Prize , and is one of the founding members of the Association of American University Institutions . Columbia has more links with Nobel laureates than any other institution in the world. Columbia's annual grant and funding foundation is among the largest in US colleges. Columbia University currently has four global centers in Amman , Jordan ; Beijing , China ; Paris , France ; and Mumbai , India .

Former student and associate members of the University of celebrities including five home Opening States ( Founding Fathers of the United States ); Four Presidents of the United States , including incumbents ; nine Judges of the United States Supreme Court ; 15 Heads of State outside the United States; 97 Nobel laureates, more than any other university; The Pulitzer Prize winner, more than any other university; 25 Oscars , with more than 30 Oscars, more than any other university; and the owners of prestigious awards in many areas. Columbia is the workplace and teaching of nine Nobel laureates, 30 employersthe MacArthur Genius , four owners of Medal National Scientific American , 143 members of the Academy of Arts and Sciences USA , 38 members of the Institute of Health in the group of the Academy of Country USA , 20 members of the American Academy of Engineering , and 43 members of the American Academy of Sciences .

History 


Columbia is the oldest high school in New York . Established and chartered under the name of King's College in 1754, Columbia is the sixth oldest institution in the United States, based on its founding year, and the fifth is based on the annual charter. The current university operates under the Charter of 1787, which is under the management of a private trust council . Over the course of more than 250 years, Columbia has evolved from a small university to a university with a mix of 20 universities and associate institutes.

King's College 

The discussion surrounding the founding of a New York University high school (then British colony ) began in 1704. However, the projections offered only received serious consideration after A number of former Yale students living in New York City are concerned that the University of New Jersey, now Princeton University, was founded in 1746. between New York under the influence of the Presbyterian Church in New England and New Jersey ; In addition, local residents feared that New York would be less culturally and intellectually close to the other side of the Hudson River.. Thus, they set up New York's private academy as a competitive school with the University of New Jersey. Classes began on July 17, 1754 at the Trinity Cathedral courtyard with Samuel Johnson as the principal and sole instructor. On October 31, 1754, the school officially accepted the charter established from King George II with the name of King's College (literally: King's College). In 1760, King's College moved to Park Place, near the City Hall. Since then, the school has grown rapidly, becoming the first medical school in the British colonies in North America in 1767.

From the very beginning, however, there has been much debate over the establishment of a high-level academy in the colony that belongs to the Church of England, not to mention the British royal administration 's influence . The financial superiority of King's College compared to other colonial colleges provided the basis for this fear.

The American Revolution and the ensuing war between the colonies and the British Army led to King's College's collapse for a long time, from 1776 when the Continental Army attacked New York until 1783 when British troops withdrew. retreat. In these eight years, the school had to be shut down, while the main library was transformed into a hospital serving the war.

Although considered a royal emblem of Britain, King's College was the birthplace of many characters who played a key role in the revolution of colonial independence. Typical of the first students of the school included: John Jay , who negotiated the Paris Agreement (1783) ended the war with England and who later became Chief Justice Supreme Court of the United States first The Alexander Hamilton , George Washington 's guru , author of most of the Federated Essays (backed by a strong federal government), the first US Treasury secretary ; Gouverneur Morris , author of theThe US Constitution ; Robert R. Livingston , one of the five drafters of the American Declaration of Independence ; and Egbert Benson , Member of the Continental Congress and one of the signatories of the United States Constitution.

California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, California , USA

California Institute of Technology is a university study in private Pasadena, California , USA. Caltech has six member units, focusing on the sciences and engineering . The main campus is 50 hectares , located about 18 kilometers southeast of downtown Los Angeles .

Website: caltech.edu

Initially founded by Amos G. Throop as a preparatory and vocational school in 1891, this school attracted early twentieth-century scientists such as George Ellery Hale, Arthur Amos Noyes , and Robert Andrews Millikan. . The college preparatory and vocational education system was abolished in 1910 and the school dates back to 1921. In 1934, Caltech was admitted to the Association of North American Universities . The base precursor of Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA latter was established in 1936 to approximately 1943; Caltech continues to operate and operate this laboratory. Caltech is one of a small group of technology institutesIn the United States, there is a tendency to focus primarily on engineering and applied sciences.

California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, California , USA


Despite its small size, 31 alumni and 32 faculty members received 32 Nobel Prizes ( Linus Pauling received two) and 66 received the National Medal of Science or the National Medal of Technology and Innovation. The United States, 112 faculty members are academicians of the National Academies. Caltech management of $ 332 million in research funding in 2011 and received 1.75 billion dollars donation in 2012. Caltech is also a longtime competitor of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology . In 2012-2013, Caltech ranks first in the world in Times Higher Education 's university rankings

History 


University Throop 

Initially, Caltech was a vocational school founded in 1891 by Amos G. Throop, a politician and businessman, at Pasadena. The school was later known as Throop University ), Polytechnic Institute Throop ( Throop Polytechnic Institute and Manual Training school), and the University of technology Throop ( Throop College of technology ), before being changed to the name California Institute of technology (Caltech) in 1920 . the school initial vocational training program was disbanded and university preparation was separated to establish Polytechnic (Polytechnic school) independence in 1907.

At a time when scientific research in the United States was just beginning, George Ellery Hale, an astronomer from the University of Chicago , founded the Mount Wilson Astronomical Observatory in 1904. Throop's management in 1907, and began immediately to develop this facility and the entire Pasadena region into an important cultural and scientific site. He helped bring James AB Scherer, a literary scholar with no expertise in the field of science but as a competent administrator and an effective fundraiser, to the post of director of the Throop in 1908. Scherer persuaded Charles W. Gates, a retired board member and businessman, to donate $ 25,000 to build Gates Research Lab, the first scientific building on campus.

World Wars  II

In 1910, Throop moved to the present site, a land donated by Arther Fleming. Theodore Roosevelt delivered a speech at the Throop Polytechnic on March 21, 1911, in which he stated, "I would like to see establishments like Throop train 100 students, 99 of whom work in industrial jobs. I would like to see these students doing what they are doing in the Panama Canal and in the great irrigation works in the country - and the rest of the students I would like to see the kind of scientific culture that will make him and his men create a generation that sometimes produces a man like your great astronomer, George Ellery Hale. "

That same year, a bill passed at the California Legislature called for the creation of a "California Institute of Technology" funded by public funds, with an initial budget of one million dollars, 10 times the budget of Throop at that time. The Board of Trustees recommended the delivery of Throop to the state, but the directors of Stanford University and the University of California , through lobbies, had overturned the bill, so Throop developed as a hospital. the only science-oriented education in southern California, including public and private, until the start of World War II when it was necessary to expand research-based education. Throop's prospects drew the physicistArthur Amos Noyes from MIT develops this facility and assists in turning it into a science and technology center.

With the outbreak of World War I , Hale founded the National Research Council to coordinate and support scientific research to solve military maths. Although Hale supported the notion that the federal government provided money for scientific research, he did not follow the use of a federal bill that could help finance university research. Instead, he sought to raise a million dollars for a national research fund from private sources.

Through the National Research Council, Hale campaigned for science to play a greater role in national affairs, and at the same time let Throop play a national role in science. New grants were given to physics research, which led to the creation of the Norman Bridge Laboratory, which attracted experimental physicist Robert Andrews Millikan from the University of Chicago in 1917. During World War I , Hale, Noyes and Millikan worked together in Washington DC on the National Research Council. They then continued to collaborate on the development of Caltech.

Under the leadership of Hale, Noyes and Millikan (with the backing of a vibrant Southern California economy ), Caltech gained national fame in the 1920s. On 29 March In 1921, the board members stated that Caltech's policy was to pursue scientific studies of special importance and at the same time "continue to have carefully designed and taught courses. in the field of engineering and science based on fundamental sciences including mathematics, physics, and chemistry, expanding and enriching the curriculum.with plenty of teaching time in subjects such as English language and literature, history, and economics; and empower all those activities with strong research spirit. "

In 1923, Millikan was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics. In 1925, Caltech establish geology and recruit William Bennett Munro, then the chief department of History, State Administration and Economics at the University of Harvard , to help create the faculty of humanities and science social studies at Caltech. In 1928, a biology department was established under the leadership of Thomas Hunt Morgan, the most famous American biologist at the time and the discoverer of the role of genes and chromosomes in genetics. In 1930, the Kerckhoff Marine Laboratory was established in Corona del Mar under the supervision of Professor George MacGinitie. In 1926,The aeronautics college was founded, which attracted Theodore von Kármán . Kármán later founded the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and played an important role in making Caltech one of the world's missile science centers. In 1928, the Palomar Observatory began to be built.

Millikan worked as the "Chairman of the Board" (acting as director of Caltech) from 1921 to 1945. His influence was so great that sometimes Caltech was referred to as "The School of Millikan. " The day after joining Caltech, Millikan started a guest-scholar program. Scientists have accepted his invitation to short-term teaching and research at caltech including celebrities such as Paul Dirac , Erwin Schrödinger , Werner Heisenberg , Hendrik Lorentz and Niels Bohr . Albert Einstein came to Caltech for the first time in 1931 to complete the General Theorymine; He returned to Caltech later as visiting professor in 1932 and 1933.

During World War II , Caltech was one of 131 universities and colleges nationwide to participate in the Navy's V-12 Navy College Training Program, which prepared students for them. became a Navy officer. [18] The United States Navy also maintained a naval aviation training school on Caltech campus, on-site personnel to supervise ammunition and naval facilities, and an officer The task of contacting the Defense Research Commission.

Development stage postwar 

In the 1950s and 1970s, Caltech was home to Murray Gell-Mann and Richard Feynman , whose work was central to the development of the Standard Model of particle physics. Out of the community of physicists, Feynman is also known as an outstanding teacher and an interesting and unusual figure.

During the period of Lee A. DuBridge as director of Caltech (1946-1969), the number of Caltech lecturers doubled and the campus area tripled. Unlike its predecessors, DuBridge is very grateful for the federal government's grant for scientific research. The new research field in full bloom, including biochemical, science of the planet , nuclear astrophysics, and geochemistry . A 200-inch diameter telescope was built near Mount Palomar in 1948; This is the world's most powerful telescope in over 40 years.

Caltech opened its doors to female undergraduates in 1970, during Harold Brown's presidency; This number makes up 14% of the freshman population. Since then, the proportion of female students in Caltech has increased.

University students in Caltech were previously known to have little interest in politics; There was a student-held protest in January 1968 outside the NBC studio in Burbank, when rumors surfaced that NBC would stop starring in Star Trek.. In 1973, students living in the Dabney House protested a visit by the president of the United States, with a banner bearing the words "Impeach Nixon". The following week, Ross McCollum, president of the National Oil Company, wrote an open letter to students at Dabney House saying that because of the student's actions, he decided not to donate. donated one million dollars to Caltech. The Republicans are Dabney's, breaking away from the Dabney House after hearing about the rally.

21st century 

Since 2000, the Einstein Papers Project has been brought to Caltech. This project was established in 1986 to associate, preserve, translate, and publish works in the Albert Einstein heritage left behind and from other collections.

By the fall of 2008, 42% of freshmen were females, the record high in Caltech. That same year, Caltech concluded a six-year fundraising campaign. The campaign earned more than $ 1.4 billion from more than 16,000 organizations and individuals. Nearly half of that money is used to support Caltech educational programs and projects.