Saturday, June 16, 2018

London School of Economics and Political Science - London, United Kingdom

School of Economics and Political Science London ( Abbreviated LSE ), a research facility and public education specialized in the sector of social sciences in London , and is a member school of the University of London Union . LSE was established in 1895 as an undergraduate unit of economics and began issuing degrees in 1902.

Location: London, United Kingdom
Website: lse.ac.uk

London School of Economics and Political Science - London, United Kingdom


The LSE has a unique institution in the UK - a single faculty - a department of sociology - affiliated with the University of London .

The institute is headquartered in Houghton, Westminster (Aldwych), next to the Royal Courts and the Temple Bar, London Temple Bar . LSE is known for being one of the most prestigious universities in the world. teaching and research in the areas of social sciences. In addition, the structure of students at LSE is of the highest international level in all global universities. At one point in time, there were more students in the LSE than in the United Nations .

LSE is a member of the Russell Group , Union of Universities Europe ( European University Association ), Organization universities United Kingdom ( Association of Commonwealth Universities ), community management schools in Europe and companies international ( Community of European Management schools and international Companies ), Organization of specialized schools and international issues ( the Association of Professional schools and international Affairs ), UK universities, the golden Triangle of universities UK ( Golden Triangle of British Universities), and most recently the top five UK universities

History 


The London Institute of Political Economy was founded in 1895 by members of the Fabian (Leftist and Reformed Group) with members Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Graham Wallas and George Bernard Shaw , with contributions including The property left £ 20,000 from Henry Hunt Hutchinson for Fabian. Decided to establish the school is given a party the morning of 4 month 8 1894. LSE was established to achieve the purpose of the Assembly Fabian in reforming society , focusing research on issues of poverty , the injustice and the related issues. This led to the Fabian Assembly and the LSEbecame one of the main influences on the Labor Party.

First, the school was founded to innovate teaching methods for business and political affairs in the UK . Sidney and Beatrice Webb influenced by the image of the Political Institute of Paris ( Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris ) in shaping the LSE. The school was opened in October 1895 at 9 John Street, Adelphi, with the original function of a night training institution for the working class .

The school expanded rapidly with the inauguration of the new library , the British Economic and Political Science Library, located at 10 Adelphi Terrace, September 1896. In 1900, the LSE officially became an affiliate of the University of London at Bloomsbury, began accepting bachelor and doctoral students in the same year. At the same time, the LSE expanded into other social sciences, including geography, philosophy, pioneering in international relations, as well as history, law, psychology and sociology. Prior to 1902, the LSE had and would continue to expand its site at Aldephi Terrace and moved to Clare Market, now in Aldwych, from 1902. [2], serving as the official administrative headquarters as well as classes was opened at Houghton Street in 1922.

During these years, under the direction of William Beveridge , the father of social welfare and the NHS, the LSE redefined the economy and related concepts in a standardized way. " a study of human behavior and the relationship between endings and scarcity for different uses " (a science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative use). Thus, the LSE is seen as a pioneer of modern economics. Under Beveridge, Friedrich Hayek was appointed to the school and brought the LSE to power by the famous debate with John Maynard Keynes .

In 1939, with the outbreak of World War II , the LSE headquarters in Houghton Street became the workplace for the Cabinet of the economic war. While later discussions between the school director, Carr-Saunder and Premier Winston Churchill , the LSE were agreed to a temporary relocation to Cambridge, located at Peterhouse College. The bombing of the LSE took a long time, and then returned to London in 1945.

The famous Keynes-Hayek debate between Cambridge and the LSE continues to shape today's economic thinking as countries continue to debate social welfare issues with the single-controlled economy. by the market. Hayek's research continues to affect global economic science. In addition, during these years, Harold Joseph Laski , a political science professor at the LSE, had a prominent position in British politics as a spokesman for leftist policies. Many of the heads of state, including John F. Kennedy and his brother, have studied at the LSE.

At first, the LSE was a socialist organization . However, this changed before the 1960s, when LSE director Walter Adams struggled to separate the LSE from the Fabian roots. This has led to many student demonstrations.

Anthony Giddens , former director of the LSE, is the creator of the Third Way theory (a system of theoretical political management of the state - a combination of a free market view and a view of the need for intervention. of the state) which was later used by Tony Blair and Bill Clinton.

Activity 

The LSE continues to have a tremendous influence on the international community, especially its close relations and direct influence on politics , economics and law .

Currently, the LSE is active in the project include the British government ID card, study expenses for the activities of the government , the policy community and the state. In addition, the LSE has led to a trend in tuition fees in UK universities in 2006, and continues to attract investment and high capital thanks to the G5. In 2008, the LSE was criticized for joining the Cambridge University with a list of "soft" subjects for entry into college.

Top 10 employers of LSE students are active in the areas of accounting , investment banking , consulting and law . In particular, the LSE is also known as the cradle of investment banking (investment banking's nursery), in which about 30% of LSE bachelors work in the fields of banking, financial services and accounting. LSE is also a preferred option for employers in the private sector, financial services.

Over the years, the LSE has continued to expand around Houghton Street. The "Campaign for the LSE," which had already gathered around £ 100m , LSE bought the Public Trustee at 24 Kingsway. The building was rebuilt and renamed "New Academic Building" with a total cost of £ 45 million , increasing the total area to 120,000 square feet. £ 100m invested in November 2007, the new building was put into operation in October 2008 and was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on November 5, 2008.

The current director of the LSE is Sir Howard Davies , former chairman of the Financial Service Authority, director of the Confederation of British Industry and deputy governor of the Bank of England . After his first tenure, Sir Horward Davies was re-appointed LSE manager from June 2007 until 2013.

Majors and admissions 

The London School of Economics and Politics is the only university in the UK focusing on social sciences . The University has 120 Master's degrees in Science, 2 Master's in Business Administration, 1 Master in Law, 30 in Bachelor of Science, 1 in Law and 4 in Bachelor of Arts (including International History and Geography). reason ). The London Institute of Economics is one of the only two UK universities to teach Economic History (along with Cambridge University ). Other courses include Anthropology, Criminology , International Relations , Social Psychology, and Sociology. Courses are taught on 30 research centers and 19 buildings, as well as a foreign language center.

The research sections include Asia Research Center, Manheim Center for Criminology, Darwin Center @ LSE, Financial Markets Division founded by Mervun King, Center for Economic Management, Europe, species and migration research organization (MSU).

Since these programs are included in Social Studies, they are encapsulated and students are required to study a subject outside their majors in the first and second year in order to motivate the student. have a broader understanding of the social sciences. Many students are encouraged to participate in practice sessions where students can take lectures from professors without having to register. The aim is to enable students to gain a deeper knowledge. And at this level, some faculties have very few students (90 students during the three years), ensuring moderate instruction and allowing students better access than other universities.

School entrance is quite strict, the odds for a study in the LSE are always higher than Oxford and Cambridge with an average of 17 students per grade. Some courses, such as Law, Administration, Economics and Politics, are even higher with over 20 people in one place. In 2008, the UCAS score of students entering the academy was 484, equivalent to 4 A for A-level. LSE is also one of the three busiest universities in the UK (along with Oxford and Cambridge) not on Clearing in UCAS (additional selection). The LSE , like many other UK universities, does not accept students through the interview system and only accepts students based on their academic performance. Like MIT , the LSE does not offer sports scholarship programs.

In recent years, the LSE has become one of the most critically acclaimed universities in the UK, receiving quite a lot of students from private English schools. With many references and reflections from the public, statistics released by the Council of Private Schools, organizations of all private schools in the UK, have confirmed that students from private schools have only 29.69% of the chance entered the LSE - the lowest acceptance rate of the Russell group.

Admission to postgraduate students is also very high (especially for students without scholarships). Students are required to have a First Class or 2.1 (Upper Second) or equivalent to be accepted into the masters course.

The process for accepting postgraduate students is available from the time of application in mid-October and is considered starting in November. Applications are considered and students may be accepted, rejected or accepted. conditional. The admissions process is conducted until the school needs a quota for the school year. As a result, students who file early will have more opportunities than other students. Success rates vary from year to year, although most courses receive only 5% to 10% of applications. LSE is working on a plan to increase the number of students each year by expanding the necessary equipment and buildings.

The LSE also offers a Masters in Global Business Administration ( TRIUM) degree program , which is linked to the University of New York's Graduate School of Commerce and the Paris-based HEC School of Management. The course is divided into six semesters, held in five countries over a 16-month period. Whitefield Consulting, a global consultancy and the Financial Times ranked the MBA program at # 2 in the world.

The LSE summer school program began in 1989 and was expanded to more than 3,000 students in 2006, the equivalent of a college student population. The summer course consists of 50 subjects, based on LSE courses such as Accounting, Finance, Law, International Relations and Management. The course lasts 2 terms, each 3 weeks in July and August each year. The LSE also offers LSE-PKU summer camps in cooperation with Beijing's Peking University. These courses are graded, count toward different certificates, and some courses may be counted as part of the conditional offer for the LSE master's degree. In 2007, this summer course has accepted students in over 100 countries, including some of the world's top universities and colleges as well as professionals from several national banks and institutions. Great finance. Along with the course, The college also offers accommodation in student dormitories, and summer courses include a social activity program such as guest lectures, reception and crush club nights at the school. Professors of the course are hoping to expand in the future especially when the new campus opens in November 2008.

School year 

One academic year is divided into 3 semesters. Term I - called " Michaelmas Term " - covers 10 weeks from October to 2 weeks before Christmas. Semester II - Lent Term - consists of 10 weeks from January through to Easter. Term III - Summer Term - consists of 10 weeks from April to summer. At the Michaelmas Term, the school usually starts on the fifth day of the end of September or beginning of October. However, during the first week - Freshers Week - the activities are primarily to help students get acquainted with the school. Learning activities are officially started on the second day after Freshers Week .

Student 

LSE has about 8000 students (undergraduate and graduate) and 800 part-time students. Of these, about 25% are from the UK, 18% come from European countries, and the remaining 50% come from around 150 countries around the world. Of these 58% of students graduate (Master, MPA, LLM, PhD, MPhil). Male: female 51:49.

Student Association 

The Student Union (LSESU) is a member of the National Union of Students (NUS). LSESU is considered one of the most active student societies Anglo countries have a reputation from the 1960s when students conduct school violence and occupation to express protest the Vietnam War [3] or against racial discrimination [4] . Most recently, in January 2009, some students have occupied the Old Theater hall for a week to protest Israeli action in the Gaza Strip.

LSESU is responsible for the organization of student activities, as well as for the interests of students. (RAG- Raising And Giving: donations for charitable activities) Freshers' Week, Global Week ...

LSESU has its own newspaper - The Beaver , a radio station - Lse, a television station L oo SE Television, and a magazine Clare Market Review . In addition, departments of the school have their own newspapers, such as the Rerum causae of the Faculty of Philosophy or the Rationale of the Faculty of Economics.

The LSE Athletics Union, LSEAU is responsible for the school's athletic activities. Facilities include a football field, a sports (basketball, martial arts ...), a gym

Under the management of LSESU, there are over 170 societies / groups involved in all areas, from Business Society, Knitting Society, Lager and Real Ale Society ... to LSEConservatives or LSE Socialist Union .... , the students here have formed their own association representing the country, the Swedish Society, the Viet Nam Society (VietSoc) or the Japanese Society ...

LSESU is the only place in the UK to hold weekly debate and weekly (1pm every Thursday). On January 15, 2009, LSESU met and voted 219/154 against the action. of Israel in Gaza. [5]

Activity 

The LSE moved to the present area, Clare Market and Houghton Street, in 1902. In 1920, King George V placed the first stone to build Old Buiding, one of the central buildings of the school. Since then, the LSE has expanded its campus into neighborhoods (from Kingsway to the Royal Court of Justice). Currently, the LSE has 30 buildings. There are also statues of animals or strange shapes presented by former students.

The school underwent a major renovation under Principal Anthony Giddens (1996-2003). Conwy and Clement House in Aldwych; Garrick Building at Houghton street; the Student Services Center in the Old Building as well as the Lionel Robbins Building have been refurbished and upgraded.


Campus

Recently, the LSE has developed another building. Cut in ribbon on November 5, 2008 by the British couple. This environmentally friendly building has 4 lecture halls, classrooms and is the new home of the Faculty of Law and Administration.

The Peacock Theater is the main hall of the LSE with 999 seats. This is also the sixth theater of Sadler's Wells.

The LSE is renowned for its weekly public lectures by school alumni as well as celebrities in academics, economics, and politics. Recent shows include British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, former US President Bill Clinton, former apartheid anti-apartheid hero Nelson Mandela UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, former British prime ministers Tony Blair, John Major or Margaret Thatcher, former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, US Federal Reserve Ben Bernanke and Alan Greenspan, Mexican President Vicente Fox. There are also George Osborne MP, Lord Stern, Cherie Booth, George Soros, Mary McAleese, Archbishop Rowan Williams, John Lewis Gaddis, Joseph Meegan, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Jens Lehmann, Milton Friedman, Jeffrey Sachs. In addition, the LSE hosts concerts and performances (We Are Scientists, Dr. Karl Kennedy and Tim Westwood).

Activity 

The campus has student dormitories scattered throughout central London. These dormitories can provide accommodation for about 3400 students. This dormitory includes:

  • Grosvenor House Dormitory
  • Anson Road
  • Bankside House
  • Butlers Wharf
  • Carr-Saunders Hall
  • Grosvenor House
  • High Holborn
  • Lilian Knowles
  • Northumberland House
  • Passfield Hall
  • Rosebery Hall
  • Sidney Webb House


In addition, students of the LSE may enroll in one of the eight dormitories of the University of London - which is one of the 19 members of the LSE), including:


  • College Hall
  • Connaught Hall
  • International Hall
  • Lillian Penson Hall
  • Nutford House
  • Garden Halls
  • Canterbury Hall
  • Commonwealth Hall
  • Hughes-Parry Hall


LSE guarantees one seat in the dormitory for all first year students, however only about 1,200 first year students are in the dorm, and the rest usually rent out.

Library and archives

The university's central library - established in 1896 - is the British Library of Political and Economic Sciences ( BLPES ). This is the world's largest library of sociology and political science. The library was named Lionel Robbins Building - after the famous economist Lionel Robbins- who was educated at the LSE and later became a member of the School Board. The archives here are of great importance and have been awarded the "Status" by the Museums Libraries and Archives Council (MLAC). The Lionel Robbins Building was upgraded and repaired in 2000 with a project worth £ 35 million. Conducted by Foster and Partners. The repair was completed and was inaugurated by Princess Anne on November 27, 2001. With a book system of more than 50 kilometers in length, it contains more than 4.5 million books and 30,000 printers as well as 15,000 electronic newspapers. The library covers an area of ​​20 000 m2, including 1700 self-study and 450 computers. The library welcomes approximately 6500 students and teachers every day,

Thumbs up library

Since 1946, the library has also been a United Nations depository library, providing publications for the United Nations. Since 1964, the library has become a European Documentation Center - a place to receive publications in European countries. Documents / materials from other organizations are also available here, for example: OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), ILO (International Labor Organization), Organization of American States (OAS), GATT / WTO (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade / World Trade Organization)

The SHAW Library, located in the Old Building, is home to mass media and entertainment. In addition, Fabian Window, the founder of the Fabian movement, was inaugurated by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2006, also in the SHAW library. In addition, students at the school may also use the library system of affiliate schools located within the University of London system (for example, Senate House Library ....).

Reputation education 

According to the latest statistics of the Research Assessment Project (RAE 2008) sponsored by the UK government LSE is also ranked as Oxford based on 14 evaluation criteria. The program also ranked LSE as the leading university in the fields of Anthropology, Economics, Law , Social Policy and European Studies. The Independent Journal also made the LSE the first place in statistics and research, based on 35% of the school's success in top projects, while Oxford and Cambridge achieved 32% (Independent, 18 months). December 2008). Over 68% of the LSE's research is in the 4-star (world) and 3-star (international) categories of which the Faculty of Economics is one of the most popular in the UK.

Two of the top three rankings of the University of the Times and the Sunday Times have ranked LSE as the second highest in the industry after Cambridge. Other rankings also rank LSE in top positions like The Independent or The Guardian . In addition, the LSE has submitted 97% of the subjects of staff members, more than any other university. The LSE is also ranked first among universities in London.

In 2007, in the rankings of global universities in sociology , the LSE ranked third in the world after Harvard and Berkeley in social science (3rd, 2006, second in 2005 and 2004). "The school's social, economic and political studies are not limited to the UK and European countries , but also to other countries on every continent. Determined to become a laboratory for social science where every idea is formulated, analyzed, evaluated and developed globally. It is these things that make up the name and reputation of the most globally for LSE .... " (QS Top Universities)

In 2007, the School's Master of Management degree was ranked 2nd in the world in the ranking of European Times (8th in 2006 and 4th in 2005). Not only that, the Department of Psychology, and Philosophy are all under the table of Blackwell Psychology. It is ranked first in the world in the philosophy of social sciences and second in science philosophy and third in the 'Choice of reason, decision and game theory' category.

In 2009, in The Guide to good universities' (Times Good University Guide), the school was ranked first in the UK on the following key: Finance and Accounting (Accounting & Finance), Trade Research (Business Studies ), Economics (Economics) and social policy (social policy), No. 2 for Geography (Geography), Anthropology (Anthropology) and Political Science (Politics), 4th in History study ( History) and Philosophy (Philosophy), ranked No. 5 of Law (Law), 7th in Sociology (Sociology) and the faculty of Mathematics (Maths), ranked No. 8.

The LSE ranked third in the overall ranking of the Sunday Times in the 10 years from 1997 to 2007.

Contributions to the history of economics 

LSE and Cambridge 

In the 1930s, the debate between the LSE and the University of Cambridge was well known in the intellectual world. This disagreement stems from Edwin Cannan (1861-1935), professor of economics at the LSE, and Alfred Marshall (1842-1924), professor of political economics at Cambridge and also the first economist At that time, the debate on the fundamental issue of economics and whether economics should be considered as an organic whole (Marshall removes the LSE conception of the separation of doctrine and economic history .

The debate also involves the role of an economist, whether he should be considered as an expert or as a practical adviser. With the LSE and the economists of history, the application of economic theories is more decisive than them. [Neutrality disputed] Economists at LSE and Cambridge worked together on In the 1920s, the "London and Cambridge Economic Service" - but in the 1930s the debate between the two universities continues to take place before the solution to the economic crisis . Professors Robbins and Hayek of LSE, and Keynesof Cambridge are the main characters in the dissent between the two schools. Debate has expanded from deflation along with demand-side management - as a solution to the economic problems of the day, to broader concepts of economics and macroeconomics . Views of Robbins and Hayek is based on the opinion of the Institute of Economics Austria the emphasis on free trade and anti-interventionist, this is a method that Robbins would later approach and came to the is not suitable for the economic crisis of the 1930s.

LSE and Chicago 

Keynes and Cambridge 's policies and economics have become standard models since the 1930s. Despite the growing influence of Milton Friedman and the Chicago Institute of Economics, it has been said that many The democratic way of the LSE still affects the majority of the modern democratic economy . The reason was due to the general influence of Friedrich Hayek to both schools (after leaving the LSE he moved to the Chicago Institute of Economics). The validation of Hayek's argument lies in the growth of international free trade organizations and agreements, such as the ones that have passed the GATT . Tariffsand Trade, which later became the WTO , the World Trade Organization . The LSE's economic influence is the first model of the Academy of Economics in the world. A number of specific and important contributions to our concepts of economics can be found below, with individuals who have taught, studied and studied in the LSE and their studies. Most of these economists have been awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for a number of theoretical or applied research, listed below as the most influential constructs for thinking and modeling business. Modern :

1. John Hicks , whose most famous contribution was the development of the Hicks-Hansen IS-LM model, the standard starting point for Keynesian macroeconomics for all economists today.

2. Friedrich Hayek , who was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics, one of the most prominent proponents of democratic economicism. His economic-philosophical theory has helped shape many of the policies and policies of the United Kingdom and the United States , affecting both Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan . The application of his philosophical thinking led to important economic achievements such as the reduction of the influence from labor union organizations to the economy (which Bean and Crafts believed to be the main cause of the economic slump during the previous 25 years, the time that European countrieshave impressive economic growth). He has also made a significant impact on the market economy behind Iron Curtain, which has crushed the socialist model of Eastern Europe.

3. James Meade was awarded for contributions to his fundamental theory of trade .

4. William Arthur Lewis , who developed the theory of the duality of the economy (Dual Model), demonstrate the development of the majority of the theoretical economics of the process of industrialization , and create platforms for Heywood's "revisionist" view of industrialization in France in relation to England. Lewis was also a pioneer in the study of the importance of the trade in terms of trade in trade theories.

5. Merton Miller , who was awarded the 1990 Nobel Prize in economics for his pioneering work in the field of economic theory.

6. Ronald Coase , was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Economics for his discovery and clarification of the importance of transaction costs and property rights in organizational structures and the functioning of the economy.

7. Amartya Sen , who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize for Economics for his contributions to the economics of development, including pioneering research into gender inequality, and his use of "her" instead of "his" in the English text when referring to an individual. Sen left the LSE for Oxford. He was not allowed to teach his main research topic on "poverty" in the Faculty of Economics.

8. Robert Mundell , also awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in economics for optimum currency area research, and these studies still play a very important role in the analysis and review process. the effectiveness of the common currency. While the political criteria (as Britain used to decide not to use the euro) carry little in common with Mundell's OCA criteria, Use the OCA criteria as the primary tool for analyzing the performance of the common currency.

Mundell-Fleming model extends from IS-LM theory, which takes into account the effects of equilibrium from places outside a country, and is also the basis for analyzing the benefits of two floating and fixed exchange rates.

10. George Akerlof , who was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics, is probably best known for his article, "The Market for Old Cars: Quality Uncertainty and Market Mechanism ", published in the Economic Journal (quarterly) in 1970, identifies serious problems that could harm the market as asymmetric information.

11. There is also an economist from LSE AW Phillips , who has never received a Nobel Prize for his work, but is extremely famous for his contribution to the Phillips curve (he introduced the first time 1958). The Phillips curve has proven to be unemployment and inflation as a major tool in shaping the right economic path. In addition to the great academic contributions, other studies and the quality of the LSE's output continue to have significant effects on economics.

• In January 2006, the IDEAS Economic Research Assessment ranked the London Institute of Economics and Politics the LSE third among universities with the best economics faculty in the world, outside the United States .

• In 1999, the University of Yale has analyzed the influence of the study of Econometrics (Econometrics) and the work of 100 graduates economic Ph.D, from across the world, and ranks LSE is at the top of the list and says it is the only institution with more than 2,000 pages of research published by graduate students.

• The UK Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) assessed the Economics Department of the LSE as 5 * (highest score) in the two most recent tests (1996 and 2001). Many other non-governmental rankings generally rank LSE's economics / research departments as the top 20 in the world, and most have topped positions outside the United States . Elsewhere, the LSE is ranked in the top 12 in the world for the best research quality.

Typical individuals 

Former student 

Many alumni and staff who have studied and worked at the LSE have made great contributions to various fields from politics, business, law, finance to literature, music, education. There are 16 Nobel Laureates in Economics, Peace and Literature. Most recently, in 2008, the list was added to an economic prize for Paul Krugman.

Who was awarded the Nobel Prize 

1925 George Bernard Shaw - Literature
1950 Ralph Bunche - Peace
1950 Bertrand Russell - Literature
1959 Philip Noel-Baker - Peace
1972 Sir John Hicks - Economics
1974 Friedrich Hayek - Economics
1977 James Meade - Economics
1979 Sir William Arthur Lewis - Economics
1987 Óscar Arias - Peace
1990 Merton Miller - Economics
1991 Ronald Coase - Economics
1998 Amartya Sen - Economics
1999 Robert Mundell - Economics
2001 George Akerlof - Economics
2007 Leonid Hurwicz - Economics
2008 Paul Krugman - Economy

Heads of State 

There are 44 LSE alumni who are Heads of State and Government, including eight in attendance: Prime Minister Taro Aso of Japan, President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, President Anote Tong of Kiribati, Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev of Bulgaria, President of Costa Rica's Óscar Arias , Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and President John Atta-Mills of Ghana, Thai-American President of Taiwan .

Other former heads of state / government include Romano Prodi of Italy, Marek Belka (Poland's Prime Minister, 2004-2005), two former Prime Ministers of Canada, Pierre Trudeau and Kim Campbell , Sher Bahadur Deuba (Prime Minister of Nepal, 1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004-2005), Heinrich Brüning (German Chancellor, 1930-1932), Sri KR Narayanan (President of India, 1997-2002), Percival Patterson (Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1992-2006), Constantine Simitis (Prime Minister of Greece, 1996-2004), Moshe Sharett, President of Israel, Lee Kuan Yew- founder of the island of Singapore and Jomo Kenyatta - father of the country of Kenya have all studied at the LSE .

Additionally, John F. Kennedy , the late US President (1961-1963) had studied at the LSE with two of his brothers was Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr . and Robert F. Kennedy . Attaine ( Clement Richard Attlee ), British Prime Minister taught at this time (1945-1951).

Harmodio Arias (1886-1962) - President of Panama, 1932-1936
Óscar Arias (1941) - President of Costa Rica, 1986-1990, 2006-nay and Nobel Prize winner
Lord Clement Attlee (1883-1967) - Prime Minister of United Kingdom, 1945-1951
Errol Walton Barrow (1920-1987) - Prime Minister of Barbados, 1962-1966, 1966-1976, 1986-1987
Marek Belka (b. 1952) - Prime Minister of Poland, 2004-2005
Pedro Gerardo Beltran Espanto (1897-1979) - Prime Minister of Peru, 1959-1961
Maurice Bishop (1944-1983) - Prime Minister of Grenada (1979-1983)
Heinrich Brüning (1885-1970) - Chancellor of Germany, 1930-1932
Forbes Burnham - (1923-1985) - President of Guyana
Kim Campbell (b. 1947) - Prime Minister of Canada, June-November 1993
Eugenia Charles (1919-2005) - Prime Minister of Dominica, 1980-1995
John Compton (1926) - Prime Minister of Saint Lucia, 1964-1979, and Prime Minister of St. Lucia, February-July 1979 & 1982-1996
Sher Bahadur Deuba (1943) - Prime Minister of Nepal, 1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004-2005
Tuanku Jaafar (1922) - Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia, 1994-1999
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) - President of the United States 1961-1963
Jomo Kenyatta (1891-1978) - First President of Kenya, 1964-1978
Mwai Kibaki (b. 1931) - President of Kenya, 2002-present
Tanin Kraivixien (b. 1927) - Prime Minister of Thailand, 1976-1977
Yu Kuo-Hwa (1914-2000) - Premier of Taiwan, 1984-1989
Hilla Limann (1934-1998) - President of Ghana, 1979-1981
Alfonso López Pumarejo (1886-1959) - President of Colombia, 1934-1938, 1942-1945
Michael Manley (1924-1997) - Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1972-1980, 1989-1992
Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (1920-2004) - Prime Minister of Fiji 1970-1992, President of Fiji 1994-2000
Queen Margrethe II (b. 1940) - Queen of Denmark, 1972-present
Beatriz Merino (b, 1947) - First female Prime Minister of Peru, 2003-2003
Sri KR Narayanan (1921-2005) - President of India, 1997-2002
Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) - First President of Ghana, 1960-1966
Sylvanus Olympio (1902-1963) - Prime Minister of Togo, 1958-1961, and first President of Togo, 1961-1963
Percival Patterson (b. 1935) - Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1992-2006
Romano Prodi (b. 1939) - Prime Minister of Italy, 1996-1998, 2006-present and President of the European Commission, 1999-2004
Navinchandra Ramgoolam (b. 1947) - Prime Minister of Mauritius, 1995-2000
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (1900-1985) - Prime Minister of Mauritius (1961-1982)
Veerasamy Ringadoo (1920-2000) - First President of Mauritius, March-June 1992
Moshe Sharett (1894-1965) - Prime Minister of Israel, 1953-1955
Constantine Simitis (b. 1936) - Prime Minister of Greece, 1996-2004
Sergey Stanishev (1966) - Prime Minister of Bulgaria, 2005-present
Edward Szczepanik (1915-2005) - Prime Minister of the Polish government in exile, 1986 - 1990
Banja Tejan-Sie, (1917-2000) - Governor-General and leader of the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party in Sierra Leone
Anote Tong (1952) - President of Kiribati, 2003-present
Pierre Trudeau (1919-2000) - Prime Minister of Canada, 1968-1979, 1980-1984
Lee Kuan Yew (b. 1923) - Prime Minister of Singapore, 1959-1990

Government Cabinet 

The nine members of Parliament, including Ed Miliband and Yvette Cooper, two members of the contemporary cabinet, are all alumni of the LSE. Former Cabinet Secretary Ruth Kelly and 45 members of the Senate have also studied at the LSE, including Lord Stern, who is currently chairing IG Patel. Some members of the British Parliament who have been trained by the LSE also include Margaret Hodge, Edwina Currie, Baronness Virginia Bottomley and Frank Dobson.

Five members of US President Barack Obama's administration - Treasurer Peter Orszag , Pete Rouse, Mona Sutphen (Senior Advisor), Paul Volcker (Chief of Advisory Board for Economic Recovery) and Jason Furman graduated from the LSE, and Larry Summers (White House National Economic Adviser) has taught at the school. Except for Harvard University , the LSE is currently the most alumni university in the current US government.

Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jie Chi also graduated from the LSE. Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway and Finland, and Defense Minister of Indonesia, Juwono Soedarsono were former students at the LSE.

Finance and Business 

Still called the cradle of the genius of the London Financial Center, the LSE has trained many entrepreneurs and financiers over the past few years. Bank of England governor Mervyn King , and other bachelors from the LSE ( Andrew Sentance , Tim Besley , Charles Bean , Rachel Lomax and David Blanchflower ) are now members of the Monetary Policy Committee , making the decision. on interest rates and curbing inflation .

Some billionaires like David Rockefeller ( Chase Manhattan Bank ); Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou , the founder of the easygroup, Lord Saatchi, George Soros, Robert Kaplan , Michael S. Jeffries, Sir Gordon Brunton and Richard Nesbitt all studied at the LSE. Nick Varney, CEO of Merlin Entertainments, the second largest entertainment company in the world, and Clara Furse, current Managing Director of the London Stock Exchange are also two alumni of the school. Central Bank Governor Nugget Coombs Australia and Syed Ali Raza, chairman of Pakistan Bank and international banker, politician David Rockefeller (whose family founded the post-war financial support Rockefeller Foundation) has also graduated from the LSE.

Arts and Media 

Sir Mick Jagger , the leader of The Rolling Stones , has also been studying at the LSE but left unsuccessful because he wanted to pursue his own music. Sir David Attenborough, a naturalist, was nominated for Oscar winner Frederick M. Zollo, actress Jaime Murray who also studied at the LSE . Other alumni include Edward R. Pressman, famed historians David Starkey , Jules O'Riordan, Loyd Grossman, Robert Kilroy-Silk, Kirsty Lang, Barbara Serra, Martin Lewis, Robert Elms, Rod Liddle, Val Venis, Josh Chetwynd, Keith Murdoch , Washington resident BBC Justin Webb, James Floyd and Mark Urban . Monica Lewinskyalso graduated from the LSE in 2006, and a former contestant of the Big Brother series Michael Cheshire and Icelandic singer / actress Felicia Jensen are also currently studying there. Writer China Miéville graduated with a Ph.D. from the LSE.

Law and court 

Cherie Booth QC, wife of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair , holds a LLB in Law. Sir Charles Webster, the founder of the United Nations , graduated from the LSE. And the following are also alumni of the school: Ian Johnston, Head of British Traffic Police, Dr. BR Ambedkar, Chief Architect of the Institute of Indian Studies, Makhdoom Ali Khan, lawyer of Lincoln's Inn and Former President of the Pakistan Bar Association, Anthony Kennedy, of the US Supreme Court, and ultimately of the presidents and judges of the International Court of Manfred Lachs and Sir Christopher Greenwood .

Philosophy-science 

The Faculty of Philosophy was founded by Karl Popper and became a place of teaching and learning of many famous philosopher-scientists like Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos . Nancy Cartwright, one of the most prominent philosopher-scientists, is currently a professor at the LSE. Two of the world's 100 richest billionaires, George Soros and Spiro Latsis , have studied philosophy under the tutelage of Karl Popper and Imre Lakatos (in order).

Fiction

Fictional character Prime Minister and Foreign Minister James Hacker has studied economics at the LSE in the popular TV series Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister. US President Jed character Bartlett in the famous TV series The West Wing of Castle NBC has also studied at the LSE economy. In addition, the recent autobiography of the James Bond novel in Casino Royale (2006) shows that James Bond's father, Andrew Bond, also studied at the LSE. Bokonon or Lionel Boyd Johnson, a religious leader in Cat's Cradle directed by Kurt Vonnegut, is also a LSE alumnus, but his studies were interrupted by World War I.

Principals 

• Sir Howard Davies 2003-present
• Professor Lord Anthony Giddens 1997-2003
• Sir John Ashworth 1990-96
• G. Patel 1984-90
• Professor Ralf Dahrendorf 1974-84
• Sir Walter Adams 1967-74
• Sir Sydney Caine 1957-1967
• Sir Carr-Saunders 1937-57
• Sir William (later Lord) Beveridge 1919-37
• William Pember Reeves 1908-19
• Sir Halford Mackinder 1903-08
• William Hewins 1895-1903.

Lobby group 

According to recent reports, the LSE is rated as a member of the independent university group, known as the G5. The five schools include LSE, Imperial College London , University of Oxford , University of Cambridge and University of London. University College London (abbreviated as UCL). The "G5" group held regular meetings to formally discuss their paths as the UK's education and training environment has changed, particularly in their concerns. Maintaining the quality of teaching after high school / college.

These universities also stressed that without adequate funding to support the quality of instruction, they would reduce the number of under-graduated students admitted to the school, instead of international students and researchers. (usually these students pay a large or almost full tuition fee). Group G5 also had unannounced meetings for months. The purpose of the group is to ensure that there is a balance of standard tuition fees (£ 3000 per student per academic year, starting in 2006), to support native and European students .

"We do not offer cheap courses," said Richard Sykes, president of Imperial College. "We will help the government recognize this point to end the maximum tuition fee. If they do not agree and emphasize the quality of the course at school is too high, resulting in unnecessary costs, we will maintain the quality of teaching. International students and fellows. " The most striking features of the five schools are: high quality research results, good teaching quality, the tradition of excellent and well-known individuals, and a great deal of influence on issues. politics, and foothold in the academic field. In addition, there are also highly developed student organizations,

LSE is also a member of the Golden Triangle, which includes Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial, LSE, UCL, and King's College (KCL). LSE, UCL and KCL schools are prominent institutions of the University of London and the Imperial College of London left in 2007. At present, own certificates.

Management system 

As a member of the University of London, the LSE has an honorary principal - Princess Anne Anne, the principal representative for the University of London. Unlike other schools and educational institutions in the UK, honorary principals do not participate in LSE management. The LSE has a Director, who is primarily responsible for administering the College, the Board of Trustees and the Court of Governors. The Director and Assistant Director is nominated from the Council and officially recognized by the Court of Governors.

The head of the current management is Peter Sutherland from Ireland who served as General Manager of the World Trade Organization, who replaced Lord Grabiner in December 2007. Under Peter Sutherland is Mr. Anthony Battishill (Vice President), in addition to other prominent individuals such as Cherie Booth, Stelios Haji-loannou and Lord Saatchi.

Certificate 

The London Institute of Economics and Politics offers a wide variety of degrees from the Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD degrees. These certificates are popular and recognized in UK universities. LSE does not award annual honorary degrees as some other universities. In its 113-year history, the LSE has only 15 Honors for Ph.D., one of which belongs to Nelson Mandela (Doctor of Science, Economics). From 1902, when he joined the University of London, the certificates were issued by the organization until 2007. The degree is accredited by the University of London (BSc London). In 2007, schools were allowed to issue their own certificates, and the LSE first recognized its own certificate in June 2008. Graduates from 2008 will be awarded either the University of London or the LSE. At the present time, the principal, Howard Davies, has announced that the LSE, along with UCL and KCL, will continue to be part of the University of London. In addition, the school will use graduation uniforms and degrees. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students. The school will use a graduation uniform and a separate degree. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students. The school will use a graduation uniform and a separate degree. There has been much debate about this arrangement in the Student Association. Despite opposition to the membership of the LSE and the University of London; The school's introduction and use of its own certificate has been supported by the majority of students.

Icon 

The school symbol is LSEon a red square background. The full and official logo is often accompanied by the black text "The London School of Economics and Political Science" on the right side of the picture. The symbol is widely used along with the coat of arms of historical significance. The symbolic image of the LSE was designed in 1925, when the council of 12 members decided to take the image of a mascot as a symbol of the school's activities. The image of "The Beaver" is chosen to symbolize broad vision, improvement, consistency and progress. In 1925, woodcarvings were introduced by 4 professors formally named "Felix Q". Since then, beaver has become a favorite of all students at the LSE and was named to the student newspaper.

Position 

The City of Westminster's LSE is located between Covent Garden, Aldwych and Temple Bar, within the City of London. The school is next to the Royal Courts of Justice, Lincoln's Inn and Kingsway (formerly Clare Market). The LSE is also located in the central London Congestion Charging zone. The nearest metro stations are Holborn, Temple and Covent Garden. London Waterloo, another major train station, is located about 0.7 miles across the campus, across the Thames.

LSE on the media 

The new James Bond novel in the movie Casino Royale (2006) reveals that James Bond's father, Andrew Bond, also studied at the LSE. Bokonon or Lionel Boyd Johnson, a religious leader in Cat's Cradle directed by Kurt Vonnegut, is also a LSE alumnus, but his studies were interrupted by World War I. Also, on the TV show In the United States, "The West Wing," Martin Sheen, as President Josiah Edward "Jed" Bartlet, studied for Master and Doctorate in Economics at the LSE. The prime minister of the British comedy series "Yes Minister" and "Yes prime minister", is also a former LSE student. The BBC's "Spooks" drama, airing on November 17,

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